Dietary underreporting in women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome: A pilot study

Rachele De Giuseppe, Valentina Braschi, David Bosoni, Ginevra Biino, Fatima C Stanford, Rossella E Nappi, Hellas Cena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AIM: The first-line therapy for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is weight loss focussing on diet and regular exercise; measurement of diet and energy intake (EI) is important to determine associations between nutrients and health in women with PCOS. The EI underreporting (UR) is a condition characterised by reports of habitual EI that is implausibly low, compared with estimated requirements. This case-control study aims to evaluate UR in women with PCOS. METHODS: Thirty-six women with PCOS were enrolled according to the Rotterdam criteria; 37 healthy women were enrolled as controls. INCLUSION CRITERIA: age range 18-45 and body mass index ≥18.5 kg/m(2) in subjects without eating disorders and/or diabetes mellitus. Nutritional assessment included: anthropometry, basal metabolic rate (BMR), weight history and physical activity assessment. Subjects completed a non-consecutive three-day dietary diary to identify energy and macronutrient intake. UR was calculated (Goldberg Index: EI/BMR). RESULTS: Although women with PCOS reported a significantly higher mean BMR than controls (P 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-566
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition and Dietetics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


  • *basal metabolic rate
  • *dietary underreporting
  • *energy intake
  • *misreporting
  • *polycystic ovary syndrome


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