Differences in computed tomography density of the renal papillae of stone formers and non-stone-formers: A pilot study

Brian H. Eisner, Ahsan Iqbal, Saravanan Namasivayam, Onofrio Catalano, Avinash Kambadakone, Stephen P. Dretler, Dushyant V. Sahani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: It is thought that Randall's plaques, calcium deposits in the renal papillae of patients with nephrolithiasis, may serve as a nidus for stone formation. We examined the density of renal papillae in patients with stones and control patients using attenuation measurements (HU) on Computed Tomography (CT) to determine whether nephrolithiasis is associated with radiographic changes in renal papillae. Materials and Methods: Hounsfield density measurements of a 0.2cm2 area of the renal papillae of 17 patients with a single renal calyceal calculus and 15 age-matched control patients were performed. Measurements were done for renal papillae upper, middle, and lower pole calyces for all patients. Statistical comparisons were made using the student's t-test. Results: Patients with nephrolithiasis and control patients were similar with respect to mean age (41.2 years versus 42.2 years, p = 0.82) and baseline serum creatinine (0.86 mg/dl versus 0.93 mg/dl, p = 0.21). Mean Hounsfield density of renal papillae of stone patients in calyces with stones was significantly greater than that of location-matched papillae from control patients (54.4 versus 36.6, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2207-2210
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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