Differences in heart rate turbulence between patients with coronary artery disease and patients with ventricular arrhythmias but structurally normal hearts

Alfonso Sestito, Sergio Valsecchi, Fabio Infusino, Gregory Angelo Sgueglia, Fulvio Bellocci, Paolo Zecchi, Filippo Crea, Gaetano Antonio Lanza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The term "heart rate turbulence" (HRT) indicates the physiologic changes in the sinus cycle that follow a ventricular premature complex; impaired HRT denotes abnormalities in cardiac autonomic function. To investigate whether HRT is impaired in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), we studied 29 patients with documented CAD and frequent (≥30/hour) ventricular premature complexes on Holter monitoring and 31 patients with frequent ventricular arrhythmias but normal hearts (NH-VA). HRT and heart rate variability analyses were analyzed on 24-hour Holter recordings. HRT variables differed significantly between the 2 groups (turbulence onset -0.20 ± 1.7% vs -0.67 ± 2.2%, p = 0.00001; turbulence slope 2.83 ± 1.9 vs 10.83 ± 7.4 ms/RR, p = 0.0001 in patients with CAD and NH-VA, respectively). The difference was independent of a history of previous myocardial infarction, left ventricular function, and age. Top quartile turbulence onset values (>-0.26%) and bottom quartile turbulence slope values (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1114-1118
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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