Differences in Liver TFAM Binding to mtDNA and mtDNA Damage between Aged and Extremely Aged Rats

Guglielmina Chimienti, Anna Picca, Flavio Fracasso, Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Francesco Russo, Angela Maria Serena Lezza, Vito Pesce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

While mitochondrial dysfunction is acknowledged as a major feature of aging, much less is known about the role of mitochondria in extended longevity. Livers from aged (28-month-old) and extremely aged (32-month-old) rats were analyzed for citrate synthase activity, mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) amount, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), and 4.8 Kb "common deletion" contents. None of the assayed parameters differed significantly between age groups. TFAM-binding to mtDNA and the incidence of 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine in specific mtDNA regions, encompassing the origins of mtDNA replication (D-loop and Ori-L) and the 16-bp long direct repeat 1 (DR1) of the 4.8 Kb deletion, were determined. A decrease in TFAM binding was unveiled at all regions in extremely aged in comparison with aged rats. Reduced incidence of oxidized purines at all assayed regions was detected in 32-month-old rats compared with the 28-month-old group. A significant positive correlation between the incidence of 8-oxo-deoxoguanosine and TFAM-bound mtDNA was found at D-Loop and Ori-L regions only in 28-month-old rats. The absence of such correlation in 32-month-old rats indicates a different, fine-tuned regulation of TFAM binding in the two age groups and supports the existence of two different paces in aging and extended aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2601
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 27 2019

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