Different early ER-stress responses in the CLN8mnd mouse model of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis

Giacoma Galizzi, Domenica Russo, Irene Deidda, Caterina Cascio, Rosa Passantino, Rosetta Guarneri, Paolo Bigini, Tiziana Mennini, Gaspare Drago, Patrizia Guarneri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by epilepsy, progressive motor and cognitive decline, blindness, and by the accumulation of autofluorescent lipopigment. Late-infantile onset forms (LINCL) include those linked to mutations in CLN8 gene, encoding a transmembrane protein at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In the motor neuron degeneration (mnd) mouse model of the CLN8-LINCL (CLN8mnd), we carried out an analysis of ER stress-related molecules in CNS structures that exhibit a variable rate of disease progression (early retinal degeneration and delayed brain and motoneuron dysfunction). At the presymptomatic state of 1-month-old CLN8mnd mice, we found an upregulation of GRP78 and activation of the transcription factor-6 (ATF6) in all structures examined, an activation of a CHOP-dependent pathway in the cerebellum, hippocampus and retina, a caspase-12-dependent pathway in the retina and no activation of these two pathways in the cerebral cortex and spinal cord. An increased CHOP expression was detected in the cortex and spinal cord at the early symptomatic state (4 months). Caspase-3 cleavage occurred presymptomatically in the cerebellum, hippocampus and retina, and symptomatically in the cerebral cortex and spinal cord. We also monitored activation of NF-κB, which is engaged in the alarming phase of ER stress, together with increased levels of TRAF2, TNF-α and TNFR1, and no activation of ASK-1/JNK signalling pathway, all over mnd structures. The results suggest that early ER-stress responses distinctly combined and ER-stress pathways integrated with inflammatory responses may contribute to the progression of the CLN8mnd disease in CNS structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-262
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume488
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2011

Keywords

  • Brain
  • CLN8 mouse
  • ER stress
  • Inflammation
  • Retina
  • Spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Galizzi, G., Russo, D., Deidda, I., Cascio, C., Passantino, R., Guarneri, R., Bigini, P., Mennini, T., Drago, G., & Guarneri, P. (2011). Different early ER-stress responses in the CLN8mnd mouse model of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Neuroscience Letters, 488(3), 258-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2010.11.041