Different effect of hormone replacement therapy, DHEAS and tibolone on endothelial function in postmenopausal women with increased cardiovascular risk

Antonello Silvestri, Marco Gambacciani, Cristiana Vitale, Patrizia Monteleone, Massimo Ciaponi, Massimo Fini, Andrea R. Genazzani, Giuseppe Mercuro, G. M C Rosano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Menopause is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk and with a decrease in endothelial function. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) improves endothelial function in post-menopausal women (PMW) without established atherosclerosis. New alternative treatments, among which tibolone (T) and DHEAS have been suggested to reduce postmenopausal cardiovascular risk. Although, in vitro animal studies have suggested that T and DHEAS improve endothelial function, their effect in humans has never been tested. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of HRT (continuous combined 0.625 mg conjugated equine estrogen plus 2.5 mg/d medoxyprogesterone) DHEAS and T on endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD), plasma nitrite, nitrate and endothelin-1 levels in 16 PMW with increased cardiovascular risk in a double-blinded, double-crossover study. Women were randomized and treated for 4 weeks with HRT, T or DHEAS. Brachial artery diameter, FMD, endothelin-1 and plasma nitrite and nitrate levels were measured at baseline and after each treatment phase. Brachial artery diameters remained unchanged after each treatment phase. HRT significantly improved FMD compared to both baseline and to T and DHEAS therapies while no effect of T or DHEAS on FMD was noted. In conclusion, HRT, but neither T nor DHEAS, improves endothelial function and reduces plasma levels of endothelin-1 in PMW at risk of CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-311
Number of pages7
JournalMaturitas
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 11 2005

Keywords

  • DHEAS
  • Endothelian function
  • HRT
  • Tibolone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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