Aims and background: The phenotypic expression of different APC mutations in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is variable: two to three variants of the disease have been defined based on the severity of colonic manifestations. Age of onset and number of polypectomies per person-year of post-surgical follow-up were compared in two FAP families with very close mutation sites in the APC gene, in order to ascertain mutation-specific variation of expressivity. Families and APC mutations: Family A (5 patients) carried a newly characterized mutation, a four bp deletion at codon 843. Family B (5 patients) carried a previously identified mutation at codon 835. Results: Mean age of onset was 49.7 years in family A and 30.5 years in family B; number of polypectomies per person-year of follow-up was 1.05 for family A and 10.1 for family B (P <0.001). Conclusions: There is significant variation of expressivity (allelic heterogeneity) in FAP between two mutations separated by only eight codons, located at the 5' extremity of APC gene exon 15.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1999|
- APC mutations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research