Different mirna profiles in plasma derived small and large extracellular vesicles from patients with neurodegenerative diseases

Daisy Sproviero, Stella Gagliardi, Susanna Zucca, Maddalena Arigoni, Marta Giannini, Maria Garofalo, Martina Olivero, Michela Dell’orco, Orietta Pansarasa, Stefano Bernuzzi, Micol Avenali, Matteo Cotta Ramusino, Luca Diamanti, Brigida Minafra, Giulia Perini, Roberta Zangaglia, Alfredo Costa, Mauro Ceroni, Nora I. Perrone‐bizzozero, Raffaele A. CalogeroCristina Cereda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Identifying biomarkers is essential for early diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). Large (LEVs) and small extracellular vesicles (SEVs) are extracellular vesicles (EVs) of different sizes and biological functions transported in blood and they may be valid biomarkers for NDs. The aim of our study was to investigate common and different miRNA signatures in plasma derived LEVs and SEVs of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Fronto‐Temporal Dementia (FTD) patients. LEVs and SEVs were isolated from plasma of patients and healthy volunteers (CTR) by filtration and differential centrifugation and RNA was extracted. Small RNAs libraries were carried out by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). MiRNAs discriminate all NDs diseases from CTRs and they can provide a signature for each NDs. Common enriched pathways for SEVs were instead linked to ubiquitin mediated proteolysis and Toll‐like receptor signaling pathways and for LEVs to neurotrophin signaling and Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis pathway. LEVs and SEVs are involved in different pathways and this might give a specificity to their role in the spreading of the disease. The study of common and different miRNAs transported by LEVs and SEVs can be of great interest for biomarker discovery and for pathogenesis studies in neurodegeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2737
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Large extracellular vesicles
  • MiRNAs
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • RNA‐seq
  • Small extracellular vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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