Different TMS patterns of intracortical inhibition in early onset Alzheimer dementia and frontotemporal dementia

M. Pierantozzi, M. Panella, M. G. Palmieri, G. Koch, A. Giordano, M. G. Marciani, G. Bernardi, P. Stanzione, A. Stefani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate putative changes in cortical excitability of patients affected by early-onset mild dementia by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and to verify whether a peculiar neurophysiological profile may contribute to characterise Alzheimer's disease (AD) vs frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Methods: Motor threshold and intracortical inhibition (ICI) and facilitation (ICF) after paired-pulse TMS (inter-stimulus intervals from 1 to 20 ms) were studied in two groups of early-onset demented patients with a neuropsychological profile suggestive of AD (n=12) and FTD (n=8). Twelve age-matched healthy subjects were considered as control group. In both patient groups, recordings were performed before and after a single oral dose of 4 mg galantamine. Results: No significant difference in motor threshold was observed among the three studied groups. On the contrary, early-onset AD showed a significant reduction of ICI compared to control group, no changes were detected in FTD patients. No significant changes in ICF were found between both patient groups and healthy subjects. The acute administration of galantamine reversed the modified ICI in AD group. Conclusions: The differential pattern of ICI exhibited by early-onset AD vs FTD in the early stage of disease may represent a non-invasive, reproducible electrophysiological tool, which may contribute to early differential diagnosis and, possibly, to monitor therapeutic effectiveness. Significance: The present results support the possibility that subtle, early modifications in intracortical circuitry features AD, but not FTD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2410-2418
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume115
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

Keywords

  • Cholinergic transmission
  • Cortical dementia
  • Diagnostic protocols
  • Neurophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Pierantozzi, M., Panella, M., Palmieri, M. G., Koch, G., Giordano, A., Marciani, M. G., Bernardi, G., Stanzione, P., & Stefani, A. (2004). Different TMS patterns of intracortical inhibition in early onset Alzheimer dementia and frontotemporal dementia. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115(10), 2410-2418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2004.04.022