Different vasomotor action of nifedipine on dynamic coronary obstructions and therapeutic response in effort and Prinzmetal angina

A. Polese, N. De Cesare, A. Bartorelli, F. Fabbiocchi, A. Loaldi, P. Montorsi, M. D. Guazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Variations induced by nifedipine (10 mg sublingually) in the residual lumen diameter of significant (>50%) coronary lesions were assessed angiographically in 58 patients with effort angina (group 1) and in 19 patients with Prinzmetal angina (group 2). A relationship was sought between these acute variations of the stenotic lumen and the clinical response to treatment with the same drug (20 mg four times daily). Treatment efficacy was evaluated with exercise testing in group 1 and Holter monitoring in group 2. In group 1 the residual segment of stenotic diameter showed an increase, decrease, or no change with the calcium antagonist. Nifedipine failed to improve 40% of the cases (21% unchanged and 19% worsened) in group 1. In the same group of patients, the responses to exercise tests were dissociated from the acute vasomotor pattern. Changes in the pressure-rate product also did not explain the clinical results. In group 2 the majority of lesions had compliant portions, which invariably reacted to nifedipine with dilatation. All patients with the Prinzmetal form had relief of the anginal episodes with treatment. These data suggest that the therapeutic efficacy of nifedipine in classic effort angina probably is the net result of influences on the myocardial oxygen consumption and supply, and the acute coronary vasomotor pattern does not allow to predict the clinical response. Stenotic lesions in the Prinzmetal form possess a distinct sensitivity to the relaxant action of calcium channel blockade, which reasonably explains the highly positive response to treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume297
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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