Differential cytotoxic activity of potassium dichromate on nucleoside uptake in BHK fibroblasts

V. Bianchi, A. G. Levis, D. Saggioro

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In cultures of hamster fibroblasts (BHK cell line) treated with potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7) nucleic acid and protein syntheses are differentially inhibited, and nucleoside uptake into the intracellular pool is characterized by a stimulation phase followed by an inhibition phase. Different patterns are observed for the uptake of each ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside, pyrimidine nucleoside (particularly deoxycytidine) uptake reaching the highest stimulation level. Kinetics of thymidine and deoxycytidine initial uptake at different exogenous nucleoside concentrations show that Ka2Cr2O2 affects both simple and facilitated diffusion of nucleosides. The time course of thymidine and deoxycytidine pool saturation suggests however that the effects of K2Cr2O7 on plasma membrane permeability are partially counterbalanced by modifications of pool size deriving from the concomitant alteration of steps of nucleoside metabolism separate from nucleoside uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-151
Number of pages15
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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