Chromaffin cells and sympathetic neurons arise from a common bipotential progenitor which, if exposed to nerve growth factor (NGF), matures into a sympathetic neuron, but if exposed to glucocorticoids (GCs), differentiates into a mature chromaffin cell. Pharmacological evidence indicates that, in adrenal medulla and sympathetic neurons, dopamine (DA) receptors belonging to the D-2 family inhibit catecholamine secretion. The molecular characterization of these receptors, however, is not been yet described. Our data suggest that bipotential cells obtained from newborn rat adrenal medulla express both isoforms of the D-2 receptor, while D-3 receptor and D-4 receptor messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are not present. GC-mediated maturation induces the expression of D-4 receptors, without modification of D-2 isoforms. Sympathetic neurons differentiated in vitro selectively express the D-2short mRNA. Taken together, present results suggest that NGF and GCs play a role in regulating D-2 family receptor expression in neural crest-derived cells. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 3 2000|
- Nerve growth factor
- Neural-crest derived cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas