Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in intestinal mucosa plays a key role in the inflammation characterizing Crohn's disease (CD). Moreover, adhesion molecule syndecan-1 mediates the maintenance of mucosal integrity and supports tissue repair. Therefore, our aim in this study was to correlate simultaneous expression of TNFα and syndecan-1 in patients affected by CD. Biopsies from 10 patients with CD of large bowel and 10 subjects with irritable bowel syndrome (controls) were studied by immunohistochemical detection of both TNFα and syndecan-1 on successive serial sections. Overall labeling index (OLI) was indicated by the percentage of positive stromal (i.e., nonepithelial) cells/1000 counted in randomized fields, whereas selected labeling index (SLI) was represented by the simultaneous evaluation of both molecules in a same single selected field of each specimen. TNFα and syndecan-1 OLI were significantly higher in CD compared with controls, while SLI showed an inverse relationship between the molecules in CD which was not observed in controls. Epithelial syndecan-1 cytoplasmatic staining of superficial epithelium was associated with loss of basolateral staining in the crypts and high stromal TNFα in CD. In conclusion, TNFα and syndecan-1 expression is increased in the intestinal mucosa of patients with CD. However, the expression of the two molecules is inversely related when a single field is considered, these data supporting the possibility of a downregulation exerted by TNFα.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis