The receptor tyrosine kinase RET, with a known role in embryonic development and in human pathologies, is alternatively spliced to yield at least two functional isoforms, which differ only in their carboxyl terminal. Enigma protein is a member of the PDZ-LIM family and is known to interact with the short isoform of RET/PTC2, a chimeric oncoprotein isolated from papillary thyroid carcinoma. Here, we show that Enigma also interacts in intact cells with the short isoform of RET-wt and of its pathologic mutants associated to MEN2 syndromes, RET-C634R and RET-M918T. In contrast, Enigma binds all the corresponding RET long isoforms very poorly and colocalizes with short but not long RET/PTC2 isoforms. The RET docking tyrosine for Enigma is the last but one before the divergence between the two isoforms and we demonstrated that short-isoform-specific amino acid residues +2 to +4 to this tyrosine are required for the interaction of RET/PTC2 with Enigma.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- RET isoforms
- Tyrosine kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology