Differential nuclear matrix-intermediate filament expression in human prostate cancer in respect to benign prostatic hyperplasia

Ingles Alberti, Silvio Parodi, Paola Barboro, Paola Sanna, Guido Nicolò, Caterina Allera, Eligio Patrone, Stefano Galli, Cecilia Balbi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have characterized the changes in composition of the nuclear matrix-intermediate filament complex (NM-IF) isolated from prostate cancer (PCa), compared with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We prepared the NM-LF from ten patients undergoing radical retropubic prostectomy; the benign hyperplastic tissue was obtained from the prostate lobe contralateral to the cancer zone. Several quantitative and qualitative changes have been identified. Three new proteins of molecular weight 48, 47 and 29 kDa and isoelectric point 6.0, 4.9 and 6.4, respectively, were detected in PCa, referred to here as P8, P5 and NM-1. P8 was present in all ten of the tumors examined, P5 was expressed in 9/10 PCa; conversely, they were present in only one and two BPH, respectively; NM-1 was found in eight tumors out of nine and never in BPH. These proteins are expressed in moderately differentiated malignant cells, suggesting that the proteins of the NM-IF complex can be interesting biomarkers for prostate cancer. Immunoblot analysis shows that P8 and P5 proteins belong to the IF superfamily. This observation, taken together with previous data obtained by our and other groups, suggests that the characterization of NM-IF protein changes could also shed light on mechanistic aspects of cancer progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Letters
Volume109
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 3 1996

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Keywords

  • Intermediate filaments
  • Nuclear matrix
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology

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