Differential role of distinct determinants of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in immunologic phenomena

M. Maio, G. Tessitori, A. Pinto, M. Temponi, A. Colombatti, S. Ferrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study analyzed 1) the relationship between the molecules recognized by anti-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) mAb RR 1/1 and by anti-96K melanoma-associated Ag mAb CL203.4 in lymphoid cells, 2) the induction of ICAM-1 on activated PBMC, and 3) the functional activity of distinct and spatially distant determinants recognized by mAb CL203.4 and RR1/1. Sequential immunoprecipitation experiments showed that the determinant recognized by mAb CL203.4 is expressed on a slightly broader population of ICAM-1 molecules than that defined by mAb RR1/1. Serologic and immunochemical assays have shown that ICAM-1 is induced on lymphocytes activated with Con A, PHA-M, IL-2, allogeneic HLA mismatched lymphocytes and autologous PHA-M-activated T cells. However, ICAM-1 was not detected on lymphocytes incubated with IFN-γ. Incubation of monocytes with LPS induced ICAM-1 in the subpopulation which lacks it and increased its density on the cells which express it. Induction of ICAM-1 is an early event in the activation process and precedes the appearance of IL-2 and transferrin receptors. Comparison of the functional activity of the anti-ICAM-1 mAb CL203.4 and RR1/1 showed that both of them inhibit to a similar extent proliferation of lymphocytes stimulated with PHA-M and with allogeneic lymphocytes, but that only mAb RR1/1 inhibits PMA-induced aggregation of cultured B lymphoid cells JY, of promonocytic cells U-937 and of PHA-blasts as well as LAK cell-mediated cytotoxicity of target cells. mAb CL203.4 represents the first example of anti-ICAM-1 mAb without inhibitory effect on the aggregation of lymphoid cells. The differential functional activity of mAb CL203.4 and RR1/1 does not reflect differences in their affinity, because they display a similar affinity constant to lymphoid cells. These results suggest that distinct determinants of ICAM-1 play a different role in immunologic phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-188
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume143
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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