Epidermal development requires the transcription factor p63, as p63-/- mice are born dead, without skin. The gene expresses two proteins, one with an amino-terminal transactivation domain (TAp63) and one without (ΔNp63), although their relative contribution to epidermal development is unknown. To address this issue, we reintroduced TAp63α and/or ΔNp63α under the K5 promoter into p63-/- mice by in vivo genetic complementation. Whereas p63-/- and p63-/-;TA mice showed extremely rare patches of poorly differentiated keratinocytes, p63-/-;ΔN mice showed significant epidermal basal layer formation. Double TAp63α ΔNp63α complementation showed greater patches of differentiated skin; at the ultrastructural level, there was clear reformation of a distinct basal membrane and hemidesmosomes. At the molecular level, ΔNp63 regulated expression of genes characteristic of the basal layer (K14), interacting (by Chip, luc assay) with the third p53 consensus site. Conversely, TAp63 transcribed the upper layer's genes (Ets-1, K1, transglutaminases, involucrin). Therefore, the two p63 isoforms appear to play distinct cooperative roles in epidermal formation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology