The susceptibility of Th1 and Th2 cell clones to apoptosis following HIV-gp120/CD4 cross-linking and TCR activation was investigated. We show that only Th1 clones are susceptible to HIV-gp120-sensitized apoptosis, although both types of clones express similar levels of CD4 and bind similar amounts of recombinant gp120. Both types of clones, however, undergo apoptosis induced by CD95 cross-linking with agonistic monoclonal antibody (MoAb). Apoptosis induced by gp120 in the Th1 clones is inhibited by either an anti- CD95 neutralizing MoAb or an anti-CD95L neutralizing MoAb as well as by a specific interleukin-1β converting enzyme(ICE) inhibitor. When triggered to apoptosis by gp120, Th1 but not Th2 clones express both cell-associated and soluble CD95L. The CD95L produced by Th1 clones induces cell death, inhibitable by anti-CD95 neutralizing MoAb, of CD95 positive Jurkat cells. These data suggest that, like activation-induced apoptosis, HIV-gp120 sensitized apoptosis in Th1 clones occurs via CD95/CD95L interaction and that lack or insufficient production of CD95L is responsible, at least in part, for the resistance of Th2 clones to such apoptosis.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 15 1997|
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