BACKGROUND. In the current study, the authors report the clinicopathologic features of patients with peritoneal diffuse malignant mesothelioma (DMM) who were treated in a uniform fashion at a single institution to assess prognostic factors. METHODS. Thirty-five patients were treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP). The tumors were classified into epithelial, sarcomatoid, and biphasic types. Immunohistochemistry stains were performed for calretinin, WT-1, pCEA, Ber-EP4, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), p16, matrix metalloprotease-2 (MMP-2), and MMP-9. Statistical correlation was evaluated for age, gender, completeness of cytoreduction (CC), tumor histotype, mitotic count (MC), necrosis, nuclear grade (NG), and biologic markers with regard to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS. The patient group was comprised of 15 men and 20 women with a median age of 52 years (range, 24-73 yrs). Twenty-five patients underwent optimal cytoreduction. There were 32 epithelial tumors and 3 biphasic tumors, and 3 patients had an NG of 1, 19 had an NG of 2, and 13 had an NG of 3. The mean MC was 14.1 (range, 0-160 per 50 high-power fields). Necrosis was present in 11 cases. All the tumors were found to be positive for calretinin and WT-1 and were negative for pCEA and Ber-EP4. The NG and MC were found to be significantly associated with OS (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively) whereas CC was found to be associated with both OS (P = 0.05) and PFS (P = 0.03). No biologic markers were found to be of prognostic significance. CONCLUSIONS. The results of the current study indicate that NG, MC, and CC may be useful prognostic factors in patients treated with CRS and IPHP. The expression of EGFR, MMP-2, and MMP-9 and absent and/or reduced expression of p16 in DMMs confirms the results of previous studies suggesting their role in tumor pathogenesis and kinetics.
- Cytoreductive surgery (CRS)
- Diffuse malignant mesothelioma (DMM)
- Intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research