Direct demonstration of cytokeratin filaments by electron microscopy in K562 cell lines in liquid culture.

S. Mancini, A. Olivieri, M. C. Masia, L. Ombrosi, M. Montanari, S. Rupoli, L. Curzi, M. Morroni, S. Sisti, P. Leoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our previous study suggested the presence of cytokeratins in the supernatant of human K562 erythroleukemic cell line. In this study we confirm, by using an electron microscopy technique, that K562 cells contain typical intermediate tonofilaments with the characteristics of cytokeratins. After variable intervals of liquid culture, K562 cells have been examined for their clonogenic ability by immunostaining and ultrastructural study. K562 cells showed variable amounts of medium-sized filaments (intermediate filaments) of 10 nm mean size, having the submicroscopic pattern consistent with tonofilaments, arranged as electron-dense curve-shaped bundles, in perinuclear position independently from the different growth phases. A pool of monoclonal antibodies against cytokeratins confirmed the presence of cytokeratins in immunostaining, while the cytofluorimetric analysis showed an unexpected positivity of the CD34 antigen, associated with the typical adhesion molecule VLA5. In conclusion, the immunostaining with monoclonal antibodies and the ultrastructural findings suggest the expression of epithelial features in human K562 leukemic cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalBollettino della Societa Italiana di Biologia Sperimentale
Volume73
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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