The effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS; 20 stimuli at 5 Hz at 120% resting motor threshold intensity using a biphasic stimulus pulse) on the excitability of human motor cortex were investigated in two patients who had an electrode implanted into the cervical epidural space. The corticospinal D wave increased in amplitude with successive stimuli, and reached a maximum after three or five pulses. At this stage, the amplitude of the I waves was unchanged, but after a further 10 stimuli an additional I wave was recruited. Both effects were still evident 2 min after the end of the rTMS. The effects are compatible with a short-term increase in cortical excitability during suprathreshold rTMS.
- Motor cortex
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas