Two models of a single hypercolumn in the primary visual cortex are presented, and used for the analysis of direction selectivity in simple cells. The two models differ as to the arrangement of inhibitory connections: in the first ("antiphase model") inhibition is in phase opposition with excitation, but with a similar orientation tuning; in the second ("in-phase model"), inhibition is in phase with excitation, but with broader orientation tuning. Simulation results, performed by using drifting gratings with different orientations, and different spatial and temporal frequencies, show that both models are able to explain the origin of direction preference of simple cells.
- Direction selectivity
- Drifting grating
- Primary visual cortex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications