Direction selectivity of simple cells in the primary visual cortex: Comparison of two alternative mathematical models. I: Response to drifting gratings

Mauro Ursino, Giuseppe Emiliano La Cara, Matteo Ritrovato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Two models of a single hypercolumn in the primary visual cortex are presented, and used for the analysis of direction selectivity in simple cells. The two models differ as to the arrangement of inhibitory connections: in the first ("antiphase model") inhibition is in phase opposition with excitation, but with a similar orientation tuning; in the second ("in-phase model"), inhibition is in phase with excitation, but with broader orientation tuning. Simulation results, performed by using drifting gratings with different orientations, and different spatial and temporal frequencies, show that both models are able to explain the origin of direction preference of simple cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-414
Number of pages17
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007



  • Direction selectivity
  • Drifting grating
  • Inhibition
  • Primary visual cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications

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