Directional atherectomy prior to stenting in bifurcation lesions: A matched comparison study with stentinq alone

Evangelia Karvouni, Carlo Di Mario, Takahiro Nishida, Vaios Tzifos, Bernhard Reimers, Remo Albiero, Nicola Corvaja, Antonio Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The ideal catheter-based intervention for treatment of coronary lesions at bifurcation site still has to be defined. The aim of the study was to assess the acute and long-term outcome after treatment of bifurcation lesions with directional atherectomy (DCA) and stenting in comparison with stenting alone. Thirty-one consecutive patients treated for bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) with DCA and stenting in at least one branch (DCA group) were compared with a matched group of 31 patients with bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) treated with stenting alone in at least one branch (non-DCA group). Procedural success was 87.1% in the DCA group compared with 100% in the non-DCA group (P = 0.03). In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred only in the DCA group (12.9% vs. 0%, P = 0.03), mainly non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. After the procedure, minimum lumen diameter (MLD) and acute gain were significantly greater (P = 0.004 and P = 0.05, respectively) and % diameter stenosis was significantly lower (P = 0.05) in the main branch in the DCA group. At follow-up angiogram, MLD in the main branch was still significantly greater in the DCA group compared to the non-DCA group (2.31 vs. 1.65, respectively, P = 0.04), with no significant difference in late loss and loss index between the two groups. Restenosis rate was 28.8% in the DCA group vs. 43.5% in the non-DCA group (P = 0.13). The incidence of follow-up MACE was 29% in the DCA group compared with 48.4% in the non-DCA group, mainly due to target lesion revascularization. In conclusion, treatment of bifurcation coronary lesions with DCA and stenting was associated with greater acute gain after the procedure and greater MLD at follow-up in the main branch compared with stenting alone. Procedural myocardial infarction was more frequent in the DCA group. Restenosis rates and follow-up MACE were lower following DCA and stenting, without reaching any statistical significance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Atherectomy
Myocardial Infarction

Keywords

  • Bifurcation
  • Directional atherectomy
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Directional atherectomy prior to stenting in bifurcation lesions : A matched comparison study with stentinq alone. / Karvouni, Evangelia; Mario, Carlo Di; Nishida, Takahiro; Tzifos, Vaios; Reimers, Bernhard; Albiero, Remo; Corvaja, Nicola; Colombo, Antonio.

In: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, Vol. 53, No. 1, 2001, p. 12-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karvouni, E, Mario, CD, Nishida, T, Tzifos, V, Reimers, B, Albiero, R, Corvaja, N & Colombo, A 2001, 'Directional atherectomy prior to stenting in bifurcation lesions: A matched comparison study with stentinq alone', Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 12-20. https://doi.org/10.1002/ccd.1122
Karvouni, Evangelia ; Mario, Carlo Di ; Nishida, Takahiro ; Tzifos, Vaios ; Reimers, Bernhard ; Albiero, Remo ; Corvaja, Nicola ; Colombo, Antonio. / Directional atherectomy prior to stenting in bifurcation lesions : A matched comparison study with stentinq alone. In: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. 2001 ; Vol. 53, No. 1. pp. 12-20.
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abstract = "The ideal catheter-based intervention for treatment of coronary lesions at bifurcation site still has to be defined. The aim of the study was to assess the acute and long-term outcome after treatment of bifurcation lesions with directional atherectomy (DCA) and stenting in comparison with stenting alone. Thirty-one consecutive patients treated for bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) with DCA and stenting in at least one branch (DCA group) were compared with a matched group of 31 patients with bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) treated with stenting alone in at least one branch (non-DCA group). Procedural success was 87.1{\%} in the DCA group compared with 100{\%} in the non-DCA group (P = 0.03). In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred only in the DCA group (12.9{\%} vs. 0{\%}, P = 0.03), mainly non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. After the procedure, minimum lumen diameter (MLD) and acute gain were significantly greater (P = 0.004 and P = 0.05, respectively) and {\%} diameter stenosis was significantly lower (P = 0.05) in the main branch in the DCA group. At follow-up angiogram, MLD in the main branch was still significantly greater in the DCA group compared to the non-DCA group (2.31 vs. 1.65, respectively, P = 0.04), with no significant difference in late loss and loss index between the two groups. Restenosis rate was 28.8{\%} in the DCA group vs. 43.5{\%} in the non-DCA group (P = 0.13). The incidence of follow-up MACE was 29{\%} in the DCA group compared with 48.4{\%} in the non-DCA group, mainly due to target lesion revascularization. In conclusion, treatment of bifurcation coronary lesions with DCA and stenting was associated with greater acute gain after the procedure and greater MLD at follow-up in the main branch compared with stenting alone. Procedural myocardial infarction was more frequent in the DCA group. Restenosis rates and follow-up MACE were lower following DCA and stenting, without reaching any statistical significance.",
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AU - Tzifos, Vaios

AU - Reimers, Bernhard

AU - Albiero, Remo

AU - Corvaja, Nicola

AU - Colombo, Antonio

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N2 - The ideal catheter-based intervention for treatment of coronary lesions at bifurcation site still has to be defined. The aim of the study was to assess the acute and long-term outcome after treatment of bifurcation lesions with directional atherectomy (DCA) and stenting in comparison with stenting alone. Thirty-one consecutive patients treated for bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) with DCA and stenting in at least one branch (DCA group) were compared with a matched group of 31 patients with bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) treated with stenting alone in at least one branch (non-DCA group). Procedural success was 87.1% in the DCA group compared with 100% in the non-DCA group (P = 0.03). In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred only in the DCA group (12.9% vs. 0%, P = 0.03), mainly non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. After the procedure, minimum lumen diameter (MLD) and acute gain were significantly greater (P = 0.004 and P = 0.05, respectively) and % diameter stenosis was significantly lower (P = 0.05) in the main branch in the DCA group. At follow-up angiogram, MLD in the main branch was still significantly greater in the DCA group compared to the non-DCA group (2.31 vs. 1.65, respectively, P = 0.04), with no significant difference in late loss and loss index between the two groups. Restenosis rate was 28.8% in the DCA group vs. 43.5% in the non-DCA group (P = 0.13). The incidence of follow-up MACE was 29% in the DCA group compared with 48.4% in the non-DCA group, mainly due to target lesion revascularization. In conclusion, treatment of bifurcation coronary lesions with DCA and stenting was associated with greater acute gain after the procedure and greater MLD at follow-up in the main branch compared with stenting alone. Procedural myocardial infarction was more frequent in the DCA group. Restenosis rates and follow-up MACE were lower following DCA and stenting, without reaching any statistical significance.

AB - The ideal catheter-based intervention for treatment of coronary lesions at bifurcation site still has to be defined. The aim of the study was to assess the acute and long-term outcome after treatment of bifurcation lesions with directional atherectomy (DCA) and stenting in comparison with stenting alone. Thirty-one consecutive patients treated for bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) with DCA and stenting in at least one branch (DCA group) were compared with a matched group of 31 patients with bifurcation coronary lesions (62 lesions) treated with stenting alone in at least one branch (non-DCA group). Procedural success was 87.1% in the DCA group compared with 100% in the non-DCA group (P = 0.03). In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred only in the DCA group (12.9% vs. 0%, P = 0.03), mainly non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. After the procedure, minimum lumen diameter (MLD) and acute gain were significantly greater (P = 0.004 and P = 0.05, respectively) and % diameter stenosis was significantly lower (P = 0.05) in the main branch in the DCA group. At follow-up angiogram, MLD in the main branch was still significantly greater in the DCA group compared to the non-DCA group (2.31 vs. 1.65, respectively, P = 0.04), with no significant difference in late loss and loss index between the two groups. Restenosis rate was 28.8% in the DCA group vs. 43.5% in the non-DCA group (P = 0.13). The incidence of follow-up MACE was 29% in the DCA group compared with 48.4% in the non-DCA group, mainly due to target lesion revascularization. In conclusion, treatment of bifurcation coronary lesions with DCA and stenting was associated with greater acute gain after the procedure and greater MLD at follow-up in the main branch compared with stenting alone. Procedural myocardial infarction was more frequent in the DCA group. Restenosis rates and follow-up MACE were lower following DCA and stenting, without reaching any statistical significance.

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