Directionality of non-permissive HLA-DPB1 T-cell epitope group mismatches does not improve clinical risk stratification in 8/8 matched unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation

K Fleischhauer, KW Ahn, HL Wang, L Zito, P Crivello, C Müller, M Verneris, BE Shaw, J Pidala, M Oudshorn, SJ Lee, SR Spellman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In 8/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor (UD) hematopoietic cell transplants (HCT), HLA-DPB1 mismatches between alleles from different T-cell epitope (TCE) groups (non-permissive mismatches) are associated with significantly higher risks of mortality compared with those between alleles from the same TCE group (permissive mismatches); however, the relevance of mismatch directionality, that is (host vs graft (uni-directional HvG), graft vs host (uni-directional GvH) or both (bi-directional) in the non-permissive setting is unknown. We show here significantly higher in vitro relative responses (RR) to bi-directional mismatches compared with uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches in a total of 420 one-way mixed lymphocyte reactions between 10/10 matched pairs (RR 27.5 vs 7.5 vs 15.5, respectively, P <0.001). However, in 3281 8/8 matched UD HCT for leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome, the hazards of transplant-related mortality (TRM) were similar for uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches and bi-directional mismatches (hazard ratio (HR) 1.32, P=0.001 vs HR 1.28, P=0.005 and HR 1.34, P=0.046), compared with permissive mismatches. Similar results were observed for overall survival. No statistical differences between the uni-and the bi-directional non-permissive groups were detected in pairwise comparisons for any of the outcomes tested. We conclude that consideration of directionality does not improve risk stratification by non-permissive HLA-DPB1 TCE mismatches in UD searches. © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1280-1287
Number of pages8
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume52
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Unrelated Donors
T-Lymphocyte Epitopes
Cell Transplantation
Transplants
Alleles
Mixed Lymphocyte Culture Test
Mortality
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Leukemia
HLA-DPB1 antigen

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Directionality of non-permissive HLA-DPB1 T-cell epitope group mismatches does not improve clinical risk stratification in 8/8 matched unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation. / Fleischhauer, K; Ahn, KW; Wang, HL; Zito, L; Crivello, P; Müller, C; Verneris, M; Shaw, BE; Pidala, J; Oudshorn, M; Lee, SJ; Spellman, SR.

In: Bone Marrow Transplantation, Vol. 52, No. 9, 2017, p. 1280-1287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fleischhauer, K, Ahn, KW, Wang, HL, Zito, L, Crivello, P, Müller, C, Verneris, M, Shaw, BE, Pidala, J, Oudshorn, M, Lee, SJ & Spellman, SR 2017, 'Directionality of non-permissive HLA-DPB1 T-cell epitope group mismatches does not improve clinical risk stratification in 8/8 matched unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation', Bone Marrow Transplantation, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 1280-1287. https://doi.org/10.1038/bmt.2017.96
Fleischhauer, K ; Ahn, KW ; Wang, HL ; Zito, L ; Crivello, P ; Müller, C ; Verneris, M ; Shaw, BE ; Pidala, J ; Oudshorn, M ; Lee, SJ ; Spellman, SR. / Directionality of non-permissive HLA-DPB1 T-cell epitope group mismatches does not improve clinical risk stratification in 8/8 matched unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation. In: Bone Marrow Transplantation. 2017 ; Vol. 52, No. 9. pp. 1280-1287.
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abstract = "In 8/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor (UD) hematopoietic cell transplants (HCT), HLA-DPB1 mismatches between alleles from different T-cell epitope (TCE) groups (non-permissive mismatches) are associated with significantly higher risks of mortality compared with those between alleles from the same TCE group (permissive mismatches); however, the relevance of mismatch directionality, that is (host vs graft (uni-directional HvG), graft vs host (uni-directional GvH) or both (bi-directional) in the non-permissive setting is unknown. We show here significantly higher in vitro relative responses (RR) to bi-directional mismatches compared with uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches in a total of 420 one-way mixed lymphocyte reactions between 10/10 matched pairs (RR 27.5 vs 7.5 vs 15.5, respectively, P <0.001). However, in 3281 8/8 matched UD HCT for leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome, the hazards of transplant-related mortality (TRM) were similar for uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches and bi-directional mismatches (hazard ratio (HR) 1.32, P=0.001 vs HR 1.28, P=0.005 and HR 1.34, P=0.046), compared with permissive mismatches. Similar results were observed for overall survival. No statistical differences between the uni-and the bi-directional non-permissive groups were detected in pairwise comparisons for any of the outcomes tested. We conclude that consideration of directionality does not improve risk stratification by non-permissive HLA-DPB1 TCE mismatches in UD searches. {\circledC} 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.",
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AU - Ahn, KW

AU - Wang, HL

AU - Zito, L

AU - Crivello, P

AU - Müller, C

AU - Verneris, M

AU - Shaw, BE

AU - Pidala, J

AU - Oudshorn, M

AU - Lee, SJ

AU - Spellman, SR

PY - 2017

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N2 - In 8/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor (UD) hematopoietic cell transplants (HCT), HLA-DPB1 mismatches between alleles from different T-cell epitope (TCE) groups (non-permissive mismatches) are associated with significantly higher risks of mortality compared with those between alleles from the same TCE group (permissive mismatches); however, the relevance of mismatch directionality, that is (host vs graft (uni-directional HvG), graft vs host (uni-directional GvH) or both (bi-directional) in the non-permissive setting is unknown. We show here significantly higher in vitro relative responses (RR) to bi-directional mismatches compared with uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches in a total of 420 one-way mixed lymphocyte reactions between 10/10 matched pairs (RR 27.5 vs 7.5 vs 15.5, respectively, P <0.001). However, in 3281 8/8 matched UD HCT for leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome, the hazards of transplant-related mortality (TRM) were similar for uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches and bi-directional mismatches (hazard ratio (HR) 1.32, P=0.001 vs HR 1.28, P=0.005 and HR 1.34, P=0.046), compared with permissive mismatches. Similar results were observed for overall survival. No statistical differences between the uni-and the bi-directional non-permissive groups were detected in pairwise comparisons for any of the outcomes tested. We conclude that consideration of directionality does not improve risk stratification by non-permissive HLA-DPB1 TCE mismatches in UD searches. © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.

AB - In 8/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor (UD) hematopoietic cell transplants (HCT), HLA-DPB1 mismatches between alleles from different T-cell epitope (TCE) groups (non-permissive mismatches) are associated with significantly higher risks of mortality compared with those between alleles from the same TCE group (permissive mismatches); however, the relevance of mismatch directionality, that is (host vs graft (uni-directional HvG), graft vs host (uni-directional GvH) or both (bi-directional) in the non-permissive setting is unknown. We show here significantly higher in vitro relative responses (RR) to bi-directional mismatches compared with uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches in a total of 420 one-way mixed lymphocyte reactions between 10/10 matched pairs (RR 27.5 vs 7.5 vs 15.5, respectively, P <0.001). However, in 3281 8/8 matched UD HCT for leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome, the hazards of transplant-related mortality (TRM) were similar for uni-directional HvG or GvH mismatches and bi-directional mismatches (hazard ratio (HR) 1.32, P=0.001 vs HR 1.28, P=0.005 and HR 1.34, P=0.046), compared with permissive mismatches. Similar results were observed for overall survival. No statistical differences between the uni-and the bi-directional non-permissive groups were detected in pairwise comparisons for any of the outcomes tested. We conclude that consideration of directionality does not improve risk stratification by non-permissive HLA-DPB1 TCE mismatches in UD searches. © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.

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EP - 1287

JO - Bone Marrow Transplantation

JF - Bone Marrow Transplantation

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