Three type III spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) families are described in which the same deletion pattern for SMN gene and flanking loci is apparent in both affected and unaffected siblings. Deletions extending to include the NAIP gene are reported in one sibship. All three individuals in which SMN and/or NAIP deletions were detected showed the same haplotypes for SMA linked microsatellite markers as their affected sibs. The three index cases had a SMA III with early onset (1.5-2 yr) and became chairbound at the age 4, 5 and 20 yr. The three haploidentical sibs were given a clinical severity score. One of them showed no sign of the disease at the age of 4 yr and was considered 'unaffected'; a 35-yr-old female, who had no symptoms but showed tongue fasciculations and hand tremor was considered 'asymptomatic'; a 34-yr-old female, who had mild muscular weakness since the age of 24, was rated 'mild'. These observations demonstrate the presence of a continuum of clinical variability within SMA III families. These data suggest that, in these three families at least, the SMA phenotype is caused or influenced by another gene(s) additional to SMN.
- Genotype-phenotype correlation
- Spinal muscular atrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience