Discrete Changes in Glucose Metabolism Define Aging

Silvia Ravera, Marina Podestà, Federica Sabatini, Monica Dagnino, Daniela Cilloni, Samuele Fiorini, Annalisa Barla, Francesco Frassoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aging is a physiological process in which multifactorial processes determine a progressive decline. Several alterations contribute to the aging process, including telomere shortening, oxidative stress, deregulated autophagy and epigenetic modifications. In some cases, these alterations are so linked with the aging process that it is possible predict the age of a person on the basis of the modification of one specific pathway, as proposed by Horwath and his aging clock based on DNA methylation. Because the energy metabolism changes are involved in the aging process, in this work, we propose a new aging clock based on the modifications of glucose catabolism. The biochemical analyses were performed on mononuclear cells isolated from peripheral blood, obtained from a healthy population with an age between 5 and 106 years. In particular, we have evaluated the oxidative phosphorylation function and efficiency, the ATP/AMP ratio, the lactate dehydrogenase activity and the malondialdehyde content. Further, based on these biochemical markers, we developed a machine learning-based mathematical model able to predict the age of an individual with a mean absolute error of approximately 9.7 years. This mathematical model represents a new non-invasive tool to evaluate and define the age of individuals and could be used to evaluate the effects of drugs or other treatments on the early aging or the rejuvenation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10347
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 17 2019

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