Disease-specific and general health-related quality of life in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients

the Pros-IT CNR study

Pros-IT CNR study group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The National Research Council (CNR) prostate cancer monitoring project in Italy (Pros-IT CNR) is an observational, prospective, ongoing, multicentre study aiming to monitor a sample of Italian males diagnosed as new cases of prostate cancer. The present study aims to present data on the quality of life at time prostate cancer is diagnosed.

METHODS: One thousand seven hundred five patients were enrolled. Quality of life is evaluated at the time cancer was diagnosed and at subsequent assessments via the Italian version of the University of California Los Angeles-Prostate Cancer Index (UCLA-PCI) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12).

RESULTS: At diagnosis, lower scores on the physical component of the SF-12 were associated to older ages, obesity and the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities. Lower scores on the mental component were associated to younger ages, the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities and a T-score higher than one. Urinary and bowel functions according to UCLA-PCI were generally good. Almost 5% of the sample reported using at least one safety pad daily to control urinary loss; less than 3% reported moderate/severe problems attributable to bowel functions, and sexual function was a moderate/severe problem for 26.7%. Diabetes, 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities, T2 or T3-T4 categories and a Gleason score of eight or more were significantly associated with lower sexual function scores at diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Data collected by the Pros-IT CNR study have clarified the baseline status of newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. A comprehensive assessment of quality of life will allow to objectively evaluate outcomes of different profile of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 13 2018

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Prostatic Neoplasms
Quality of Life
Comorbidity
Los Angeles
Neoplasm Grading
Health Surveys
Italy
Multicenter Studies
Obesity
Safety
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy/adverse effects
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostatic Neoplasms/physiopathology
  • Quality of Life
  • Regression Analysis
  • Severity of Illness Index

Cite this

Disease-specific and general health-related quality of life in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients : the Pros-IT CNR study. / Pros-IT CNR study group.

In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, Vol. 16, No. 1, 13.06.2018, p. 122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND: The National Research Council (CNR) prostate cancer monitoring project in Italy (Pros-IT CNR) is an observational, prospective, ongoing, multicentre study aiming to monitor a sample of Italian males diagnosed as new cases of prostate cancer. The present study aims to present data on the quality of life at time prostate cancer is diagnosed.METHODS: One thousand seven hundred five patients were enrolled. Quality of life is evaluated at the time cancer was diagnosed and at subsequent assessments via the Italian version of the University of California Los Angeles-Prostate Cancer Index (UCLA-PCI) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12).RESULTS: At diagnosis, lower scores on the physical component of the SF-12 were associated to older ages, obesity and the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities. Lower scores on the mental component were associated to younger ages, the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities and a T-score higher than one. Urinary and bowel functions according to UCLA-PCI were generally good. Almost 5{\%} of the sample reported using at least one safety pad daily to control urinary loss; less than 3{\%} reported moderate/severe problems attributable to bowel functions, and sexual function was a moderate/severe problem for 26.7{\%}. Diabetes, 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities, T2 or T3-T4 categories and a Gleason score of eight or more were significantly associated with lower sexual function scores at diagnosis.CONCLUSIONS: Data collected by the Pros-IT CNR study have clarified the baseline status of newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. A comprehensive assessment of quality of life will allow to objectively evaluate outcomes of different profile of care.",
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author = "{Pros-IT CNR study group} and Angelo Porreca and Marianna Noale and Walter Artibani and Bassi, {Pier Francesco} and Filippo Bertoni and Sergio Bracarda and Conti, {Giario Natale} and Renzo Corv{\`o} and Mauro Gacci and Pierpaolo Graziotti and Magrini, {Stefano Maria} and Vincenzo Mirone and Rodolfo Montironi and Giovanni Muto and Stefano Pecoraro and Umberto Ricardi and Elvio Russi and Andrea Tubaro and Vittorina Zagonel and Gaetano Crepaldi and Stefania Maggi",
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T1 - Disease-specific and general health-related quality of life in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients

T2 - the Pros-IT CNR study

AU - Pros-IT CNR study group

AU - Porreca, Angelo

AU - Noale, Marianna

AU - Artibani, Walter

AU - Bassi, Pier Francesco

AU - Bertoni, Filippo

AU - Bracarda, Sergio

AU - Conti, Giario Natale

AU - Corvò, Renzo

AU - Gacci, Mauro

AU - Graziotti, Pierpaolo

AU - Magrini, Stefano Maria

AU - Mirone, Vincenzo

AU - Montironi, Rodolfo

AU - Muto, Giovanni

AU - Pecoraro, Stefano

AU - Ricardi, Umberto

AU - Russi, Elvio

AU - Tubaro, Andrea

AU - Zagonel, Vittorina

AU - Crepaldi, Gaetano

AU - Maggi, Stefania

PY - 2018/6/13

Y1 - 2018/6/13

N2 - BACKGROUND: The National Research Council (CNR) prostate cancer monitoring project in Italy (Pros-IT CNR) is an observational, prospective, ongoing, multicentre study aiming to monitor a sample of Italian males diagnosed as new cases of prostate cancer. The present study aims to present data on the quality of life at time prostate cancer is diagnosed.METHODS: One thousand seven hundred five patients were enrolled. Quality of life is evaluated at the time cancer was diagnosed and at subsequent assessments via the Italian version of the University of California Los Angeles-Prostate Cancer Index (UCLA-PCI) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12).RESULTS: At diagnosis, lower scores on the physical component of the SF-12 were associated to older ages, obesity and the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities. Lower scores on the mental component were associated to younger ages, the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities and a T-score higher than one. Urinary and bowel functions according to UCLA-PCI were generally good. Almost 5% of the sample reported using at least one safety pad daily to control urinary loss; less than 3% reported moderate/severe problems attributable to bowel functions, and sexual function was a moderate/severe problem for 26.7%. Diabetes, 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities, T2 or T3-T4 categories and a Gleason score of eight or more were significantly associated with lower sexual function scores at diagnosis.CONCLUSIONS: Data collected by the Pros-IT CNR study have clarified the baseline status of newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. A comprehensive assessment of quality of life will allow to objectively evaluate outcomes of different profile of care.

AB - BACKGROUND: The National Research Council (CNR) prostate cancer monitoring project in Italy (Pros-IT CNR) is an observational, prospective, ongoing, multicentre study aiming to monitor a sample of Italian males diagnosed as new cases of prostate cancer. The present study aims to present data on the quality of life at time prostate cancer is diagnosed.METHODS: One thousand seven hundred five patients were enrolled. Quality of life is evaluated at the time cancer was diagnosed and at subsequent assessments via the Italian version of the University of California Los Angeles-Prostate Cancer Index (UCLA-PCI) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12).RESULTS: At diagnosis, lower scores on the physical component of the SF-12 were associated to older ages, obesity and the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities. Lower scores on the mental component were associated to younger ages, the presence of 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities and a T-score higher than one. Urinary and bowel functions according to UCLA-PCI were generally good. Almost 5% of the sample reported using at least one safety pad daily to control urinary loss; less than 3% reported moderate/severe problems attributable to bowel functions, and sexual function was a moderate/severe problem for 26.7%. Diabetes, 3+ moderate/severe comorbidities, T2 or T3-T4 categories and a Gleason score of eight or more were significantly associated with lower sexual function scores at diagnosis.CONCLUSIONS: Data collected by the Pros-IT CNR study have clarified the baseline status of newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. A comprehensive assessment of quality of life will allow to objectively evaluate outcomes of different profile of care.

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KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Neoadjuvant Therapy/adverse effects

KW - Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Prostatic Neoplasms/physiopathology

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Regression Analysis

KW - Severity of Illness Index

U2 - 10.1186/s12955-018-0952-5

DO - 10.1186/s12955-018-0952-5

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 122

JO - Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

JF - Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

SN - 1477-7525

IS - 1

ER -