Disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals

Cinzia Perlini, Marcella Bellani, Maria Gloria Rossetti, Niccolò Zovetti, Giulia Rossin, Cinzia Bressi, Paolo Brambilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since its development and theorisation in the 60s, attachment theory has greatly influenced both clinical and developmental psychology suggesting the existence of complex dynamics based on the relationship between an infant and its caregiver, that affects personality traits and interpersonal relationships in adulthood. Many studies have been conducted to explore the association between attachment styles and psychosocial functioning and mental health. By contrast, only a few studies have investigated the neurobiological underpinnings of attachment style, showing mixed results. Therefore, in this review, we described current evidence from structural and functional imaging studies with the final aim to disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals. Overall, different attachment styles have been correlated with volumetric alterations mainly in the cingulate cortex, amygdala, hippocampus and anterior temporal pole. Consistently, functional imaging studies suggested patterns of activations in fronto-striatal-limbic circuits during the processing of social and attachment-related stimuli. Further studies are needed to clarify the neurobiological signature of attachment style, possibly taking into consideration a wide range of demographic, psychosocial and clinical factors that may mediate the associations between the style of attachment and brain systems (e.g., gender, personality traits, psychosocial functioning, early-life experience).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-375
JournalEpidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Personality
Corpus Striatum
Clinical Psychology
Gyrus Cinguli
Amygdala
Caregivers
Hippocampus
Mental Health
Demography
Psychology
Brain
Developmental Psychology

Keywords

  • Attachment style
  • biological markers
  • neuroimaging
  • psychological assessment
  • sMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals. / Perlini, Cinzia; Bellani, Marcella; Rossetti, Maria Gloria; Zovetti, Niccolò; Rossin, Giulia; Bressi, Cinzia; Brambilla, Paolo.

In: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, Vol. 28, No. 4, 01.01.2019, p. 371-375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Perlini, Cinzia ; Bellani, Marcella ; Rossetti, Maria Gloria ; Zovetti, Niccolò ; Rossin, Giulia ; Bressi, Cinzia ; Brambilla, Paolo. / Disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals. In: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 371-375.
@article{0604286d814f409bb3c057f48bb1f555,
title = "Disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals",
abstract = "Since its development and theorisation in the 60s, attachment theory has greatly influenced both clinical and developmental psychology suggesting the existence of complex dynamics based on the relationship between an infant and its caregiver, that affects personality traits and interpersonal relationships in adulthood. Many studies have been conducted to explore the association between attachment styles and psychosocial functioning and mental health. By contrast, only a few studies have investigated the neurobiological underpinnings of attachment style, showing mixed results. Therefore, in this review, we described current evidence from structural and functional imaging studies with the final aim to disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals. Overall, different attachment styles have been correlated with volumetric alterations mainly in the cingulate cortex, amygdala, hippocampus and anterior temporal pole. Consistently, functional imaging studies suggested patterns of activations in fronto-striatal-limbic circuits during the processing of social and attachment-related stimuli. Further studies are needed to clarify the neurobiological signature of attachment style, possibly taking into consideration a wide range of demographic, psychosocial and clinical factors that may mediate the associations between the style of attachment and brain systems (e.g., gender, personality traits, psychosocial functioning, early-life experience).",
keywords = "Attachment style, biological markers, neuroimaging, psychological assessment, sMRI",
author = "Cinzia Perlini and Marcella Bellani and Rossetti, {Maria Gloria} and Niccol{\`o} Zovetti and Giulia Rossin and Cinzia Bressi and Paolo Brambilla",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S2045796019000271",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "371--375",
journal = "Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences",
issn = "2045-7960",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals

AU - Perlini, Cinzia

AU - Bellani, Marcella

AU - Rossetti, Maria Gloria

AU - Zovetti, Niccolò

AU - Rossin, Giulia

AU - Bressi, Cinzia

AU - Brambilla, Paolo

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Since its development and theorisation in the 60s, attachment theory has greatly influenced both clinical and developmental psychology suggesting the existence of complex dynamics based on the relationship between an infant and its caregiver, that affects personality traits and interpersonal relationships in adulthood. Many studies have been conducted to explore the association between attachment styles and psychosocial functioning and mental health. By contrast, only a few studies have investigated the neurobiological underpinnings of attachment style, showing mixed results. Therefore, in this review, we described current evidence from structural and functional imaging studies with the final aim to disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals. Overall, different attachment styles have been correlated with volumetric alterations mainly in the cingulate cortex, amygdala, hippocampus and anterior temporal pole. Consistently, functional imaging studies suggested patterns of activations in fronto-striatal-limbic circuits during the processing of social and attachment-related stimuli. Further studies are needed to clarify the neurobiological signature of attachment style, possibly taking into consideration a wide range of demographic, psychosocial and clinical factors that may mediate the associations between the style of attachment and brain systems (e.g., gender, personality traits, psychosocial functioning, early-life experience).

AB - Since its development and theorisation in the 60s, attachment theory has greatly influenced both clinical and developmental psychology suggesting the existence of complex dynamics based on the relationship between an infant and its caregiver, that affects personality traits and interpersonal relationships in adulthood. Many studies have been conducted to explore the association between attachment styles and psychosocial functioning and mental health. By contrast, only a few studies have investigated the neurobiological underpinnings of attachment style, showing mixed results. Therefore, in this review, we described current evidence from structural and functional imaging studies with the final aim to disentangle the neural correlates of attachment style in healthy individuals. Overall, different attachment styles have been correlated with volumetric alterations mainly in the cingulate cortex, amygdala, hippocampus and anterior temporal pole. Consistently, functional imaging studies suggested patterns of activations in fronto-striatal-limbic circuits during the processing of social and attachment-related stimuli. Further studies are needed to clarify the neurobiological signature of attachment style, possibly taking into consideration a wide range of demographic, psychosocial and clinical factors that may mediate the associations between the style of attachment and brain systems (e.g., gender, personality traits, psychosocial functioning, early-life experience).

KW - Attachment style

KW - biological markers

KW - neuroimaging

KW - psychological assessment

KW - sMRI

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065863176&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065863176&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S2045796019000271

DO - 10.1017/S2045796019000271

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065863176

VL - 28

SP - 371

EP - 375

JO - Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

JF - Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences

SN - 2045-7960

IS - 4

ER -