Diabetes diagnosed in adults is a highly heterogeneous disorder. It mostly consists of what is referred to as type 2 diabetes but also comprises other entities (i.e different diseases), including latent autoimmune diabetes, late onset forms of monogenic diabetes and familial diabetes of the adulthood, which has recently been the source of new diabetogenes discovery. Notably, type 2 diabetes is itself heterogeneous as it includes subtypes with onset at the extremes of age and/or weight distributions characterized by different degree of hyperglycemia and cardiovascular risk as compared to common forms of type 2 diabetes occurring in middle-aged, overweight/obese individuals. Understanding whether these are different presentations of one, highly heterogeneous disease or separate nosological entities with different clinical trajectories and requiring different treatments is essential to effectively pursue the path of precision medicine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery