Disruption of white matter integrity in bipolar depression as a possible structural marker of illness

Francesco Benedetti, Ping Hong Yeh, Marcella Bellani, Daniele Radaelli, Mark A. Nicoletti, Sara Poletti, Andrea Falini, Sara Dallaspezia, Cristina Colombo, Giuseppe Scotti, Enrico Smeraldi, Jair C. Soares, Paolo Brambilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Diffusion tensor imaging allows the study of integrity of white matter (WM) tracts. Literature suggests that WM integrity could be altered in bipolar disorder. Heterogeneity of brain imaging methods, the studied samples, and drug treatments make localization, nature, and severity of the WM abnormalities unclear. Methods We applied tract-based spatial statistics of diffusion tensor imaging measures to compare fractional anisotropy (FA), mean, and radial diffusivity of the WM skeleton in a group of 40 consecutively admitted inpatients affected by a major depressive episode without psychotic features with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder type I and 21 unrelated healthy volunteers from the general population. Results Compared with control subjects, patients showed lower FA in the genu of the corpus callosum and in anterior and right superior-posterior corona radiata and higher values of radial diffusivity in WM tracts of splenium, genu and body of corpus callosum, right mid-dorsal part of the cingulum bundle, left anterior and bilateral superior and posterior corona radiata, bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus, and right posterior thalamic radiation. Patients had no brain areas with higher FA or lower diffusivity values than control subjects. Conclusions Reduced FA with increased mean and radial diffusivity suggests significant demyelination and/or dysmyelination without axonal loss. Comparing our findings with other observations in homogeneous samples of euthymic and manic patients, it can be hypothesized that changes in measures of WM integrity might parallel illness phases of bipolar illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-317
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2011

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • cingulum
  • corona radiata
  • corpus callosum
  • diffusion tensor imaging
  • MRI methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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    Benedetti, F., Yeh, P. H., Bellani, M., Radaelli, D., Nicoletti, M. A., Poletti, S., Falini, A., Dallaspezia, S., Colombo, C., Scotti, G., Smeraldi, E., Soares, J. C., & Brambilla, P. (2011). Disruption of white matter integrity in bipolar depression as a possible structural marker of illness. Biological Psychiatry, 69(4), 309-317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.07.028