Dissociation of the effects of α1-adrenergic blockade on blood pressure and renin release in patients with essential hypertension

Alberto Morganti, Carla Sala, Anna Palermo, Lucia Turolo, Alberto Zanchetti, John Laragh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Prazosin, a selective antagonist of postsynaptic α-adrenoreceptors, was used to investigate the influence mediated by the jux-taglomerular α-adrenoreceptors on renin release in man. We studied, in seven patients with essential hypertension, the acute effects of 0.25 mg prazosin, given intravenously, on blood pressure and plasma renin activity. the degree of α-bloekade induced by the drug being assessed by comparing the increments in blood pressure following a test dose ofphenylephrine before and after prazosin administration. We also measured the increments in plasma renin activity in response to a β-adrenergic stimulus consisting of an isoproterenol challenge, before and during the prazosin induced α-blockade. Prazosin infusion caused. within 20 min. a marked reduction of the pressor response to phenylephrine, a significant increment in plasma renin activity, and no change in blood pressure, the increments in renin in response to isoproterenol were significantly greater, both in absolute and percent values, alter rainer than before prazosin. These results indicate that the increase in renin during systemie α1-adrenoreceptor blockade may be independent of the fall in blood pressure and support the view that the juxtaglomerular α1 -adrenoreeeptors participate in the regulation of renin release with an inhibitory action, which antagonizes the stimulating influence of the β-adrenoreceptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S158-S161
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume4
Publication statusPublished - 1982

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Isoproterenol
  • Prazosin
  • Renin release
  • α-Adrenergie blockade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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