The vMIPs are chemokine-like proteins expressed by the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV8) during the lytic phase of viral infection. vMIP-I activates CCR8, a chemokine receptor expressed by Th2 lymphocytes and cultured monocytes. vMIP-II is an agonist for CCR3, a receptor expressed by eosinophils, and an antagonist for several other chemokine receptors. Both are highly angiogenic in the chick chorio-allantoic membrane. We designed and tested three 26-mer peptides, derived from vMIP-I (pK-I), from vMIP-II (pK-II) and from the control MIP-1alpha (pM), spanning key residues of chemokines. pK-I, pK-II and pM all were able to activate a strong chemotactic response in monocytes, higher than parental vMIP-I and II. This corresponded to induction of calcium fluxes in these cells, typical of chemokines. Interestingly, pK-II and pM were also active on PMN neutrophils. In vivo studies (matrigel sponge and rabbit cornea models) showed that pK-I retains the strong angiogenic potential exerted by vMIP-I, while pK-II and pM induced an inflammatory response, probably mediated by PMN recruitment. Our observations indicate that chemokine-derived peptides can show biological activity at pharmacological concentrations. pK-I, in particular, displays the angiogenic activity of full-length vMIP-I, while all peptides appear to have acquired additional properties, stimulating new cellular targets.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research