Distributed cerebellar plasticity implements multiple-scale memory components of vestibulo-ocular reflex in real-robots

Claudia Casellato, Alberto Antonietti, Jesus A. Garrido, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Egidio D'Angelo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The cerebellum plays a crucial role in motor learning and it acts as a predictive controller. A biological inspired cerebellar model with distributed plasticity has been embedded into a real-time controller of a neurorobot. A cerebellum-driven task has been designed: the Vestibulo- Ocular Reflex (VOR), which produces eye movements stabilizing images on the retina during head movement. The cerebellar controller drives eye compensation, by providing joint torque based on network output activity. We compared a cerebellar controller with only the cortical plasticity and a cerebellar controller with also the plasticity mechanisms at deep nuclei, in VOR multiple sessions. The results were interpreted using a two state multi-rate model integrating two learning processes with different sensitivities to error and different retention strengths. The cerebellar model showed effective learning along task repetitions, allowing a fine timing and gain adaptation based on the head stimulus. The multisite plasticity proved superior to single-site plasticity in generating human-like VOR during acquisition, extinction and consolidation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication"2014 5th IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2014
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages813-818
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781479931262
Publication statusPublished - Sep 30 2014
Event5th IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2014 - Sao Paulo, Brazil
Duration: Aug 12 2014Aug 15 2014

Other

Other5th IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2014
CountryBrazil
CitySao Paulo
Period8/12/148/15/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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