Distribution and Function of Cannabinoid Receptors 1 and 2 in the Rat, Monkey and Human Bladder

Christian Gratzke, Tomi Streng, Anthony Park, George Christ, Christian G. Stief, Petter Hedlund, Karl Erik Andersson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: We investigated the distribution of cannabinoid receptor subtypes 1 and 2 in the detrusor of different species and studied the effects of cannabinoid receptor 1 and 2 agonists on bladder function. Materials and Methods: Cannabinoid receptor 1 and 2 expression was studied with Western blot and immunohistochemistry in rat, monkey and human detrusors. Co-staining was done for markers of sensory nerves using calcitonin gene-related peptide (Euro-Diagnostica, Malmö, Sweden) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1, and for cholinergic nerves using VAChT (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Santa Cruz, California). Actions of the endogenous cannabinoid receptor-1 and 2 agonist anandamide (Sigma®), and the cannabinoid receptor 1 and 2 agonist CP55,940 (Sigma) on isolated detrusor and during cystometry in conscious rats were recorded. Results: Higher expression of cannabinoid receptor 2 but not cannabinoid receptor 1 was noted in the mucosa than in the detrusor. Compared to the detrusor larger amounts of cannabinoid receptor 2 containing nerves that also expressed transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 or calcitonin gene-related peptide were observed in the suburothelium. Nerve fibers containing cannabinoid receptor 2 and VAChT were located in the detrusor. Neither anandamide nor CP55,940 affected isolated detrusor carbachol (Sigma) contractions. Nerve contractions were enhanced by 10 μM anandamide and decreased by 10 μM CP55,940 (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1939-1948
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


  • anandamide
  • bladder
  • cannabinoid
  • multiple sclerosis
  • receptors
  • urination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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