Distribution de la concentration de benzène autour des stations d'essence à la réunion

Translated title of the contribution: Distribution of benzene concentration in the vinicity of petrol stations at la Réunion Island

Chatrapatty Bhugwant, Bruno Siéja, Paolo Sacco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the frame of the French Code de l'environnement, two atmospheric measurement campaigns were undertaken during austral summer and austral winter at La Réunion Island in 2002, in order to evaluate the benzene concentration in the vicinity of two petrol stations. The two sites contained about 17 sampling points which were homogeneously divided around each of the petrol stations. This work was undertaken before the set up of vapour recovery systems during the filling and the discharge of tankers (stage I) and during filling of the private cars (stage II). The main objective of the study was to characterize the spatial distribution and the seasonal variation of the benzene and the toluene concentration in the vicinity of stationary emission sources, in two distinct regions of La Réunion Island. The results point out that the anthropogenic activities (stationary and mobile sources) are responsible of the benzene concentration variation at La Réunion Island. The model outputs show that benzene presents an inhomogeneous distribution and maximum concentration values in the immediate proximity of the Le Port petrol station. This characteristic is not observed around the Saint-Denis petrol station where the benzene distribution is quite homogeneous, with lower concentration levels. This is related to the conjugate effect of easterlies and land-sea breezes on this windward site. Meteorological data analysed in parallel with the benzene sampling indicate that the former have varied little during the two campaigns. We may thus assert that the "source effect", i.e. the anthropogenic emissions, is the predominant factor as compared to other processes (dynamical, deposition, scavenging) at these locations. On local scale, the benzene concentration in the vicinity of the petrol stations situated in urban areas, is higher by a factor of 3 to 12, as compared to values encountered in background/remote locations.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)455-467
Number of pages13
JournalPollution Atmospherique
Issue number184
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

benzene
Benzene
Sampling
Scavenging
sampling
distribution
station
petrol
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
toluene
Spatial distribution
Toluene
Railroad cars
human activity
seasonal variation
urban area
Vapors
spatial distribution
Recovery
winter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Pollution

Cite this

Distribution de la concentration de benzène autour des stations d'essence à la réunion. / Bhugwant, Chatrapatty; Siéja, Bruno; Sacco, Paolo.

In: Pollution Atmospherique, No. 184, 2005, p. 455-467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bhugwant, Chatrapatty ; Siéja, Bruno ; Sacco, Paolo. / Distribution de la concentration de benzène autour des stations d'essence à la réunion. In: Pollution Atmospherique. 2005 ; No. 184. pp. 455-467.
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