Distribution of High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Genotypes and Multiple Infections in Preneoplastic and Neoplastic Cervical Lesions of Unvaccinated Women: A Cross-sectional Study

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Objective The aim of the study was to investigate the distribution of high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes and the role of multiple infection in preneoplastic and neoplastic cervical lesions, according to histology, age, and the number of genotypes per infection. Materials and Methods Nine hundred eighty-eight women affected by known HPV-related cervical lesions and attending the European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy, from December 2006 to December 2014, were selected for a cross-sectional study. Prevalence of HPV genotypes was calculated by histology and the number of genotypes per infection. Univariate and multivariable cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2-3 versus CIN 1 risks were estimated by logistic regression models. Results Overall, HPV 16 (53.1%), HPV 31 (15.1%), and HPV 58 (6.4%) were the most frequent genotypes in precancerous lesions. At multivariable analysis, HPV 16 (p =.02), 18 (p =.013), and 56 (p =.01) were significantly associated to worsen histology, whereas HPV 39 (p =.03) and 45 (p =.03) were statistically correlated only to the increasing number of genotypes per infections. Human papillomavirus 33 was the only genotype significantly related to both the number of genotypes per infection (p =.005) and age (p =.03). Infections by HR-HPV (odds ratio [OR] = 9.48, 95% CI = 3.77-23.8, p <.001), HPV genotypes covered by current vaccines (OR = 6.28, 95% CI = 4.05-9.75, p <.001), single HPV genotype (OR = 8.13, 95% CI = 4.12-16.0, p <.001), as well as age (OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 1.07-1.19, p <.001) were significantly associated to higher risk of CIN 2-3. Conclusions The most of CIN 2+ lesions are sustained by HR-HPV genotypes, especially the ones covered by 9-valent vaccine; therefore, the widespread use of prophylactic HPV vaccines could significantly reduce the incidence of preneoplastic and neoplastic cervical lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-264
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019



  • cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  • high-risk genotypes
  • human papillomavirus
  • multiple infections
  • prophylactic vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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