Diverse functions of myosin VI elucidated by an isoform-specific α-helix domain

Hans Peter Wollscheid, Matteo Biancospino, Fahu He, Elisa Magistrati, Erika Molteni, Michela Lupia, Paolo Soffientini, Klemens Rottner, Ugo Cavallaro, Uberto Pozzoli, Marina Mapelli, Kylie J. Walters, Simona Polo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Myosin VI functions in endocytosis and cell motility. Alternative splicing of myosin VI mRNA generates two distinct isoform types, myosin VI short and myosin VI long, which differ in the C-terminal region. Their physiological and pathological roles remain unknown. Here we identified an isoform-specific regulatory helix, named the α2-linker, that defines specific conformations and hence determines the target selectivity of human myosin VI. The presence of the α2-linker structurally defines a new clathrin-binding domain that is unique to myosin VI long and masks the known RRL interaction motif. This finding is relevant to ovarian cancer, in which alternative myosin VI splicing is aberrantly regulated, and exon skipping dictates cell addiction to myosin VI short in tumor-cell migration. The RRL interactor optineurin contributes to this process by selectively binding myosin VI short. Thus, the α2-linker acts like a molecular switch that assigns myosin VI to distinct endocytic (myosin VI long) or migratory (myosin VI short) functional roles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-308
Number of pages9
JournalNature Structural and Molecular Biology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 5 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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    Wollscheid, H. P., Biancospino, M., He, F., Magistrati, E., Molteni, E., Lupia, M., Soffientini, P., Rottner, K., Cavallaro, U., Pozzoli, U., Mapelli, M., Walters, K. J., & Polo, S. (2016). Diverse functions of myosin VI elucidated by an isoform-specific α-helix domain. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, 23(4), 300-308. https://doi.org/10.1038/nsmb.3187