DNA adducts and combinations of multiple lung cancer at-risk alleles in environmentally exposed and smoking subjects

Marco E M Peluso, Armelle Munnia, Petcharin Srivatanakul, Adisorn Jedpiyawongse, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Marcello Ceppi, Roger W L Godschalk, Frederik J. van Schooten, Paolo Boffetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Interindividual variation in DNA adduct levels in individuals exposed to similar amounts of environmental carcinogens may be due to genetic variability. We analysed the influence of genes involved in determining/modifying DNA damage, including microsomal epoxide hydrolase1 (EPHX1) His139Arg, N-acetyl-transferase, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1) Pro187Ser, manganese superoxide dismutase2 (MnSOD2) Val16Ala, and apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease1 (APE1) Asp148Glu polymorphisms in blood of 120 smokers. Subsequently, we examined the effects of the combinations of the variant alleles of EPHX, NQO1 and MnSOD2 together with the wild type allele of APE1 on DNA damage by calculating the "sum of at-risk alleles." We reviewed the studies examining the relationships of DNA adducts with at-risk alleles in environmentally exposed subjects. Our findings showed that smokers carrying the EPHX1-139Arg and the NQO1-187Ser variants were significantly more likely to have higher adduct levels. Null associations were found with the other variants. Nevertheless, DNA adduct levels in smokers with ≥5 at-risk alleles were significantly different from those with fewer than two alleles. A similar picture emerged from studies of DNA adducts and at-risk alleles in environmentally exposed and smoking subjects. Certain at-risk allele combinations may confer a greater likelihood of increased levels of adducts after environmental insults. The increase in DNA adduct levels in susceptible subjects exposed to environmental carcinogens may reflect changes in the mechanisms that protect cells from the accumulation of genetic damage. Alterations of the physiological processes designed to maintain homeostasis may reduce the individual "genotoxic tolerance" to environmental challenges and result in phenotypes characterized by high levels of DNA adducts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-383
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


  • DNA adducts
  • Environmental exposures
  • Genetic susceptibility
  • Multiple alleles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Epidemiology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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