DNA methylation dynamic of bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells after allogeneic transplantation

Stefania Trino, Pietro Zoppoli, Angelo Michele Carella, Ilaria Laurenzana, Alessandro Weisz, Domenico Memoli, Giovanni Calice, Francesco La Rocca, Vittorio Simeon, Lucia Savino, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pellegrino Musto, Antonella Caivano, Luciana De Luca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is a curative therapeutic approach for different hematological malignancies (HMs), and epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation, play a role in the reconstitution of the hematopoietic system after AHSCT. This study aimed to explore global DNA methylation dynamic of bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) from donors and their respective recipients affected by acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) during the first year after transplant. METHODS: We measured DNA methylation profile by Illumina HumanMethylationEPIC in BM HSPC of 10 donors (t0) and their matched recipients at different time points after AHSCT, at day + 30 (t1), + 60 (t2), + 120 (t3), + 180 (t4), and + 365 (t5). Differential methylation analysis was performed by using R software and CRAN/Bioconductor packages. Gene set enrichment analysis was carried out on promoter area of significantly differentially methylated genes by clusterProfiler package and the mSigDB genes sets. RESULTS: Results show significant differences in the global methylation profile between HL and acute leukemias, and between patients with mixed and complete chimerism, with a strong methylation change, with prevailing hyper-methylation, occurring 30 days after AHSCT. Functional analysis of promoter methylation changes identified genes involved in hematopoietic cell activation, differentiation, shaping, and movement. This could be a consequence of donor cell "adaptation" in recipient BM niche. Interestingly, this epigenetic remodeling was reversible, since methylation returns similar to that of donor HSPCs after 1 year. Only for a pool of genes, mainly involved in dynamic shaping and trafficking, the DNA methylation changes acquired after 30 days were maintained for up to 1 year post-transplant. Finally, preliminary data suggest that the methylation profile could be used as predictor of relapse in ALL. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these data provide insights into the DNA methylation changes of HSPCs after transplantation and a new framework to investigate epigenetics of AHSCT and its outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalStem cell research & therapy
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 20 2019

Keywords

  • Allogeneic hematopoietic bone marrow stem cell transplantation
  • CpG sites
  • DNA methylation
  • Hematological malignancies
  • Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells
  • Promoter methylation region

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Cell Biology

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