DNA synthesis, mitotic index, drug-metabolising systems and cytogenetic analysis in regenerating rat liver. Comparison with bone marrow test after 'in vivo' treatment with cyclophosphamide

A. M. Rossi, M. Romano, L. Zaccaro, R. Pulci, M. Salmona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rat-liver cells can be used to reveal "in vivo" clastogenic activity of indirect mutagens, provided that they are stimulated to divide by partial hepatectomy. In order to characterize the rat-liver metabolic capacity in such experimental conditions, several biochemical parameters were measured during the first 54-66 h of liver regeneration in Sprague-Dawley male rats, subjected to a partial hepatectomy. The levels of cytochrome P-450, the activities of styrene monooxygenase, epoxide hydrolase and glutathione-S-epoxide transferase were chosen as markers. All the enzymatic activities and the level of cytochrome P-450 decreased during the first 12 h after the hepatectomy to about 50% of the activities of the sham-operated rats considered as controls. Subsequent recovery of the metabolic capacity was not observed. DNA synthesis and the mitotic index were measured to find the most suitable time for metaphase analysis. DNA synthesis and the number of metaphases were maximal at, respectively, 22-25 and 28-31 h after partial removal of the liver. The sensitivity to clastogenic damage induced by "in vivo" treatment with cyclophosphamide (CPA) was assayed in regenerating liver cells by chromosome-aberration analysis. Different doses, ranging from 5 to 30 mg/kg b.w., were given i.p. to the rats 17 h before or 7 h after partial hepatectomy. Liver cells were collected 31 h after surgery. Clastogenic damage was greater when the drug was administered to the animals after the hepatectomy (24 h of exposure) than before (48 h of exposure). The sensitivity to CPA-induced damage was compared with a bone marrow cell test carried out on non-hepatectomized rats treated in the same way. The results indicated that in these conditions regenerating liver cells are more sensitive than bone marrow cells to the induction of chromosome aberrations by CPA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research/Environmental Mutagenesis and Related Subjects
Volume182
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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Mitotic Index
Cytogenetic Analysis
Systems Analysis
Liver
Cyclophosphamide
Hepatectomy
Rats
Bone
Bone Marrow
DNA
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Metaphase
Chromosome Aberrations
Bone Marrow Cells
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Chromosomes
Aberrations
Epoxide Hydrolases
Cells
Carboxylesterase

Keywords

  • (Rat)
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cytogenetic analysis
  • DNA synthesis
  • Drug-metabolising systems
  • Hepatectomy, partial
  • Mitotic index
  • Regeneration, liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Toxicology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "DNA synthesis, mitotic index, drug-metabolising systems and cytogenetic analysis in regenerating rat liver. Comparison with bone marrow test after 'in vivo' treatment with cyclophosphamide",
abstract = "Rat-liver cells can be used to reveal {"}in vivo{"} clastogenic activity of indirect mutagens, provided that they are stimulated to divide by partial hepatectomy. In order to characterize the rat-liver metabolic capacity in such experimental conditions, several biochemical parameters were measured during the first 54-66 h of liver regeneration in Sprague-Dawley male rats, subjected to a partial hepatectomy. The levels of cytochrome P-450, the activities of styrene monooxygenase, epoxide hydrolase and glutathione-S-epoxide transferase were chosen as markers. All the enzymatic activities and the level of cytochrome P-450 decreased during the first 12 h after the hepatectomy to about 50{\%} of the activities of the sham-operated rats considered as controls. Subsequent recovery of the metabolic capacity was not observed. DNA synthesis and the mitotic index were measured to find the most suitable time for metaphase analysis. DNA synthesis and the number of metaphases were maximal at, respectively, 22-25 and 28-31 h after partial removal of the liver. The sensitivity to clastogenic damage induced by {"}in vivo{"} treatment with cyclophosphamide (CPA) was assayed in regenerating liver cells by chromosome-aberration analysis. Different doses, ranging from 5 to 30 mg/kg b.w., were given i.p. to the rats 17 h before or 7 h after partial hepatectomy. Liver cells were collected 31 h after surgery. Clastogenic damage was greater when the drug was administered to the animals after the hepatectomy (24 h of exposure) than before (48 h of exposure). The sensitivity to CPA-induced damage was compared with a bone marrow cell test carried out on non-hepatectomized rats treated in the same way. The results indicated that in these conditions regenerating liver cells are more sensitive than bone marrow cells to the induction of chromosome aberrations by CPA.",
keywords = "(Rat), Cyclophosphamide, Cytogenetic analysis, DNA synthesis, Drug-metabolising systems, Hepatectomy, partial, Mitotic index, Regeneration, liver",
author = "Rossi, {A. M.} and M. Romano and L. Zaccaro and R. Pulci and M. Salmona",
year = "1987",
doi = "10.1016/0165-1161(87)90056-2",
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T1 - DNA synthesis, mitotic index, drug-metabolising systems and cytogenetic analysis in regenerating rat liver. Comparison with bone marrow test after 'in vivo' treatment with cyclophosphamide

AU - Rossi, A. M.

AU - Romano, M.

AU - Zaccaro, L.

AU - Pulci, R.

AU - Salmona, M.

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Rat-liver cells can be used to reveal "in vivo" clastogenic activity of indirect mutagens, provided that they are stimulated to divide by partial hepatectomy. In order to characterize the rat-liver metabolic capacity in such experimental conditions, several biochemical parameters were measured during the first 54-66 h of liver regeneration in Sprague-Dawley male rats, subjected to a partial hepatectomy. The levels of cytochrome P-450, the activities of styrene monooxygenase, epoxide hydrolase and glutathione-S-epoxide transferase were chosen as markers. All the enzymatic activities and the level of cytochrome P-450 decreased during the first 12 h after the hepatectomy to about 50% of the activities of the sham-operated rats considered as controls. Subsequent recovery of the metabolic capacity was not observed. DNA synthesis and the mitotic index were measured to find the most suitable time for metaphase analysis. DNA synthesis and the number of metaphases were maximal at, respectively, 22-25 and 28-31 h after partial removal of the liver. The sensitivity to clastogenic damage induced by "in vivo" treatment with cyclophosphamide (CPA) was assayed in regenerating liver cells by chromosome-aberration analysis. Different doses, ranging from 5 to 30 mg/kg b.w., were given i.p. to the rats 17 h before or 7 h after partial hepatectomy. Liver cells were collected 31 h after surgery. Clastogenic damage was greater when the drug was administered to the animals after the hepatectomy (24 h of exposure) than before (48 h of exposure). The sensitivity to CPA-induced damage was compared with a bone marrow cell test carried out on non-hepatectomized rats treated in the same way. The results indicated that in these conditions regenerating liver cells are more sensitive than bone marrow cells to the induction of chromosome aberrations by CPA.

AB - Rat-liver cells can be used to reveal "in vivo" clastogenic activity of indirect mutagens, provided that they are stimulated to divide by partial hepatectomy. In order to characterize the rat-liver metabolic capacity in such experimental conditions, several biochemical parameters were measured during the first 54-66 h of liver regeneration in Sprague-Dawley male rats, subjected to a partial hepatectomy. The levels of cytochrome P-450, the activities of styrene monooxygenase, epoxide hydrolase and glutathione-S-epoxide transferase were chosen as markers. All the enzymatic activities and the level of cytochrome P-450 decreased during the first 12 h after the hepatectomy to about 50% of the activities of the sham-operated rats considered as controls. Subsequent recovery of the metabolic capacity was not observed. DNA synthesis and the mitotic index were measured to find the most suitable time for metaphase analysis. DNA synthesis and the number of metaphases were maximal at, respectively, 22-25 and 28-31 h after partial removal of the liver. The sensitivity to clastogenic damage induced by "in vivo" treatment with cyclophosphamide (CPA) was assayed in regenerating liver cells by chromosome-aberration analysis. Different doses, ranging from 5 to 30 mg/kg b.w., were given i.p. to the rats 17 h before or 7 h after partial hepatectomy. Liver cells were collected 31 h after surgery. Clastogenic damage was greater when the drug was administered to the animals after the hepatectomy (24 h of exposure) than before (48 h of exposure). The sensitivity to CPA-induced damage was compared with a bone marrow cell test carried out on non-hepatectomized rats treated in the same way. The results indicated that in these conditions regenerating liver cells are more sensitive than bone marrow cells to the induction of chromosome aberrations by CPA.

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KW - Mitotic index

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