Dnmt3a restrains mast cell inflammatory responses

Cristina Leoni, Sara Montagner, Andrea Rinaldi, Francesco Bertoni, Sara Polletti, Chiara Balestrieri, Silvia Monticelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

DNA methylation and specifically the DNA methyltransferase enzyme DNMT3A are involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of hematological diseases and in regulating the function of immune cells. Although altered DNA methylation patterns and mutations in DNMT3A correlate with mast cell proliferative disorders in humans, the role of DNA methylation inmast cell biology is not understood. By using mast cells lacking Dnmt3a, we found that this enzyme is involved in restraining mast cell responses to acute and chronic stimuli, both in vitro and in vivo. The exacerbated mast cell responses observed in the absence of Dnmt3a were recapitulated or enhanced by treatment with the demethylating agent 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine as well as by down-modulation of Dnmt1 expression, further supporting the role of DNA methylation in regulating mast cell activation. Mechanistically, these effects were in part mediated by the dysregulated expression of the scaffold protein IQGAP2, which is characterized by the ability to regulate a wide variety of biological processes. Altogether, our data demonstrate that DNMT3A and DNA methylation are key modulators of mast cell responsiveness to acute and chronic stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1490-E1499
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume114
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 21 2017

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Epigenetics
  • Inflammation
  • Mast cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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