Do changes of 6-minute walk distance predict clinical events in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension? A meta-analysis of 22 randomized trials

Gianluigi Savarese, Stefania Paolillo, Pierluigi Costanzo, Carmen D'Amore, Milena Cecere, Teresa Losco, Francesca Musella, Paola Gargiulo, Caterina Marciano, Pasquale Perrone-Filardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to verify whether improvement in 6-min walk distance (6MWD) is associated with clinical outcome in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Background: 6MWD is used as an endpoint to assess the benefit of therapies in PAH. However, whether changes in 6MWD correlate with clinical outcome is unknown. Methods: Randomized trials assessing 6MWD in patients with PAH and reporting clinical endpoints were included in a meta-analysis. The meta-analysis was performed to assess the influence of treatment on outcomes. Meta-regression analysis was performed to test the relationship between 6MWD changes and outcomes. Results: Twenty-two trials enrolling 3,112 participants were included. Active treatments led to significant reduction of all-cause death (odds ratio [OR]: 0.429; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.277 to 0.664; p <0.01), hospitalization for PAH, and/or lung or heart-lung transplantation (OR: 0.442; 95% CI: 0.309 to 0.632; p <0.01), initiation of PAH rescue therapy (OR: 0.555; 95% CI: 0.347 to 0.889; p = 0.01), and composite outcome (OR: 0.400; 95% CI: 0.313 to 0.510; p <0.01). No relationship between 6MWD changes and outcomes was detected. Conclusions: In patients with PAH, improvement in 6MWD does not reflect benefit in clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192-1201
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume60
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 25 2012

Keywords

  • 6-minute walk distance (6MWD)
  • 6-minute walk test (6MWT)
  • pulmonary arterial hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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