Do the fastest open-water swimmers have a higher speed in middle- and long-distance pool swimming events?

Roberto Baldassarre, Maddalena Pennacchi, Antonio La Torre, Marco Bonifazi, Maria Francesca Piacentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: It has been shown that the fastest open-water swimmers (OW-swimmers) increase significantly the speed in the last split of the open-water events. The aim of the present work was to determine if the fastest OW-swimmers have a higher speed in the middle- and long-distance pool swimming events, and to develop a multivariate model that can predict the medalist group in the 10-km competition. Methods: A total of 484 athletes (252-males and 232-females) were included in the analysis. Swimmers were divided into four groups based on their finishing position in the competition. For each swimmer, the absolute best performance (PB) of 200, 400, 800 and 1500-meter in long course, the seasonal best performance (SPB) obtained before the open-water events and critical velocity (CV) were analyzed. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to detect significant differences between groups and discriminant analysis was used to predict a grouping variable. Results: All the variables analyzed were significantly different between groups (p < 0.001). The first discriminant function correctly classified 50% of the overall female and male swimmers. Conclusion: Fastest OW-swimmers have a higher speed in middle- and long-distance pool swimming events. Further studies should include different anthropometric and physiological variables to increase the accuracy of classification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2019

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Swimming Pools
Water
Discriminant Analysis
Athletes
Analysis of Variance
Multivariate Analysis

Keywords

  • Discriminant analysis
  • Elite athletes
  • Endurance performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Do the fastest open-water swimmers have a higher speed in middle- and long-distance pool swimming events? / Baldassarre, Roberto; Pennacchi, Maddalena; La Torre, Antonio; Bonifazi, Marco; Piacentini, Maria Francesca.

In: Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 15, 01.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baldassarre, Roberto ; Pennacchi, Maddalena ; La Torre, Antonio ; Bonifazi, Marco ; Piacentini, Maria Francesca. / Do the fastest open-water swimmers have a higher speed in middle- and long-distance pool swimming events?. In: Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2019 ; Vol. 4, No. 1.
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