Dobutamine echocardiography predicts improvement of hypoperfused dysfunctional myocardium after revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease

P. Perrone-Filardi, L. Pace, M. Prastaro, F. Piscione, S. Betocchi, F. Squame, P. Vezzuto, A. Soricelli, C. Indolfi, M. Salvatore, M. Chiariello

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Abstract

Background: In patients with coronary artery disease, dysfunctional hypoperfused myocardium at rest may represent either necrotic or viable hibernating myocardium. The accuracy of inotropic stimulation in identifying hypoperfused, reversibly dysfunctional myocardium has not been extensively investigated. Methods and Results: Eighteen patients with stable chronic coronary artery disease underwent, while off drugs, quantitative 201Tl single-photon emission computed tomography after rest injection (2 to 3 mCi), two-dimensional echocardiography at rest and during dobutamine (5 to 10 μg/kg per minute IV), and radionuclide angiography. Single-photon emission computed tomography and echocardiography at rest were repeated 34±10 days after coronary revascularization, and radionuclide angiography was repeated 45±13 days after revascularization. Resting hypoperfusion was defined as 201Tl uptake 1 grade. Of 79 dysfunctional hypoperfused segments, 48 (61%) improved function after revascularization. In 42 (88%) of these latter segments, function had improved during dobutamine. Conversely, systolic function after revascularization did not improve in 31 segments, and in 27 (87%), it had not improved during dobutamine. Functional improvement after revascularization was observed in 42 (91%) of 46 segments manifesting an improvement during dobutamine as opposed to 6 (18%) of 33 segments that did not improve during dobutamine. Resting 201Tl uptake (% of maximal activity) before revascularization (65±9%) significantly increased at follow-up in segments where function improved (70±12%, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2556-2565
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume91
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Keywords

  • coronary artery disease
  • echocardiography
  • myocardium
  • perfusion
  • revascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Perrone-Filardi, P., Pace, L., Prastaro, M., Piscione, F., Betocchi, S., Squame, F., Vezzuto, P., Soricelli, A., Indolfi, C., Salvatore, M., & Chiariello, M. (1995). Dobutamine echocardiography predicts improvement of hypoperfused dysfunctional myocardium after revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation, 91(10), 2556-2565.