Documento di consenso ANMCO/SIC/SICI-GISE/SICCH: Stratificazione del rischio in chirurgia cardiaca e per l'impianto transcatetere di valvola aortica specifico per il paziente anziano

Giovanni Pulignano, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Samuele Baldasseroni, Francesco Bedogni, Giovanni Cioffi, Ciro Indolfi, Francesco Romeo, Adriano Murrone, Francesco Musumeci, Alessandro Parolari, Leonardo Patané, Paolo Giuseppe Pino, Annalisa Mongiardo, Carmen Spaccarotella, Roberto Di Bartolomeo, Giuseppe Musumeci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aortic stenosis is one the most frequent valvular diseases in developed countries, and its impact on public healthcare resources and assistance is increasing. A substantial proportion of elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis is frequently not eligible for surgery because of advanced age, frailty and multiple comorbidities. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) enables the treatment of very elderly patients at high or prohibitive surgical risk considered ineligible for surgery and with an acceptable life expectancy. However, a significant proportion of patients die or do not achieve an improvement of quality of life in the short to medium-term follow-up. It is important to determine: 1) whether and how much patient frailty influences the procedural risk; 2) whether quality of life and the individual patient survival are influenced by aortic valve disease alone or by other associated factors; 3) whether a geriatric specialist intervention to evaluate and correct other diseases with their potential or already evident disabilities can improve the results of TAVI, in particular patient quality of life. Consequently, in addition to risk stratification with conventional tools, a number of factors including multimorbidity, disability, frailty and cognitive function should be considered in order to assess the expected benefit of TAVI. Preoperative optimization through a multidisciplinary approach with a Heart Team can counteract the multiple damage (cardiac, neurological, muscular, respiratory, renal) that can potentially worsen the reduced physiological reserves characteristic of frailty. The systematic implementation into clinical practice of multidimensional assessment instruments of frailty and cognitive function for screening and exercise, and the adoption of specific care pathways should facilitate this task.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)756-789
Number of pages34
JournalGiornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Volume17
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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