Drug-eluting stents (DES) are the current gold standard for percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease. However, DES are associated with a non-negligible risk of long-term adverse events related to persistence of foreign material in the coronary artery wall. In addition, DES implantation causes permanent caging of the native vessel, thus impairing normal vasomotricity and the possibility of using non-invasive coronary imaging or preforming subsequent bypass surgery. On the contrary, coronary bioresorbable stents (BRS) may provide temporary mechanical support to coronary wall without compromising the subsequent recovery of normal vascular physiology, and have the potential to prevent late adverse events related to permanent elements. Several types of BRS have been introduced into clinical practice in Europe or are being tested. However, most of available clinical data relate to a single BRS, the Absorb bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (Absorb BVS) (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA). Despite encouraging clinical results, no societal guidelines are available on the use of BRS in clinical practice. A panel of Italian expert cardiologists assembled under the auspices of the Italian Society of Interventional Cardiology (SICI-GISE) for comprehensive discussion and consensus development, with the aim to provide recommendations on the use of bioresorbable stents in terms of clinical indications, procedural aspects, post-percutaneous coronary angioplasty pharmacologic treatment and follow-up. Based on current evidence and BRS availability in Italian cath-labs, the panel decided unanimously to provide specific recommendations for the Absorb BVS device. These recommendations do not necessarily extend to other BRS, unless specified, although significant overlap may exist with Absorb BVS, particularly in terms of clinical rationale.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine