Does body shadow improve the efficacy of virtual reality-based training with BTS NIRVANA?: A pilot study

Margherita Russo, Rosaria De Luca, Antonino Naro, Francesca Sciarrone, Bianca Aragona, Giuseppe Silvestri, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Carmela Casella, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the presence of body shadows during virtual reality (VR) training with BTS NIRVANA (BTs-N) may lead to a better functional recovery.

METHODS: We enrolled 20 poststroke rehabilitation inpatients, who underwent a neurocognitive-rehabilitative training consisting of 24 sessions (3 times a week for 8 weeks) of BTs-N. All the patients were randomized into 2 groups: semi-immersive virtual training with (S-IVTS group) or without (S-IVT group) body shadows. Each participant was evaluated before (T0) and immediately (T1) after the end of the training (Trial Registration Number: NCT03095560).

RESULTS: The S-IVTS group showed a greater improvement in visuo-constructive skills and sustained attention, as compared with the S-IVT group. The other measures showed nonsignificant within-group and between-group differences.

CONCLUSION: Our results showed that body shadow may represent a high-priority class of stimuli that act by "pushing" attention toward the body itself. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of body shadow in promoting the internal representation construction and thus self-recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e8096
JournalMedicine
Volume96
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Inpatients
Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Cognition
  • Computer Simulation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Stroke Rehabilitation
  • Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
  • Journal Article

Cite this

Does body shadow improve the efficacy of virtual reality-based training with BTS NIRVANA?: A pilot study. / Russo, Margherita; De Luca, Rosaria; Naro, Antonino; Sciarrone, Francesca; Aragona, Bianca; Silvestri, Giuseppe; Manuli, Alfredo; Bramanti, Alessia; Casella, Carmela; Bramanti, Placido; Calabrò, Rocco Salvatore.

In: Medicine, Vol. 96, No. 38, 09.2017, p. e8096.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Russo, Margherita ; De Luca, Rosaria ; Naro, Antonino ; Sciarrone, Francesca ; Aragona, Bianca ; Silvestri, Giuseppe ; Manuli, Alfredo ; Bramanti, Alessia ; Casella, Carmela ; Bramanti, Placido ; Calabrò, Rocco Salvatore. / Does body shadow improve the efficacy of virtual reality-based training with BTS NIRVANA?: A pilot study. In: Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 96, No. 38. pp. e8096.
@article{a3daa9c01e104baca7c21cacac21fb4f,
title = "Does body shadow improve the efficacy of virtual reality-based training with BTS NIRVANA?: A pilot study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the presence of body shadows during virtual reality (VR) training with BTS NIRVANA (BTs-N) may lead to a better functional recovery.METHODS: We enrolled 20 poststroke rehabilitation inpatients, who underwent a neurocognitive-rehabilitative training consisting of 24 sessions (3 times a week for 8 weeks) of BTs-N. All the patients were randomized into 2 groups: semi-immersive virtual training with (S-IVTS group) or without (S-IVT group) body shadows. Each participant was evaluated before (T0) and immediately (T1) after the end of the training (Trial Registration Number: NCT03095560).RESULTS: The S-IVTS group showed a greater improvement in visuo-constructive skills and sustained attention, as compared with the S-IVT group. The other measures showed nonsignificant within-group and between-group differences.CONCLUSION: Our results showed that body shadow may represent a high-priority class of stimuli that act by {"}pushing{"} attention toward the body itself. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of body shadow in promoting the internal representation construction and thus self-recognition.",
keywords = "Attention, Cognition, Computer Simulation, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pilot Projects, Stroke Rehabilitation, Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy, Journal Article",
author = "Margherita Russo and {De Luca}, Rosaria and Antonino Naro and Francesca Sciarrone and Bianca Aragona and Giuseppe Silvestri and Alfredo Manuli and Alessia Bramanti and Carmela Casella and Placido Bramanti and Calabr{\`o}, {Rocco Salvatore}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1097/MD.0000000000008096",
language = "English",
volume = "96",
pages = "e8096",
journal = "Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries",
issn = "0025-7974",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "38",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does body shadow improve the efficacy of virtual reality-based training with BTS NIRVANA?: A pilot study

AU - Russo, Margherita

AU - De Luca, Rosaria

AU - Naro, Antonino

AU - Sciarrone, Francesca

AU - Aragona, Bianca

AU - Silvestri, Giuseppe

AU - Manuli, Alfredo

AU - Bramanti, Alessia

AU - Casella, Carmela

AU - Bramanti, Placido

AU - Calabrò, Rocco Salvatore

PY - 2017/9

Y1 - 2017/9

N2 - BACKGROUND: Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the presence of body shadows during virtual reality (VR) training with BTS NIRVANA (BTs-N) may lead to a better functional recovery.METHODS: We enrolled 20 poststroke rehabilitation inpatients, who underwent a neurocognitive-rehabilitative training consisting of 24 sessions (3 times a week for 8 weeks) of BTs-N. All the patients were randomized into 2 groups: semi-immersive virtual training with (S-IVTS group) or without (S-IVT group) body shadows. Each participant was evaluated before (T0) and immediately (T1) after the end of the training (Trial Registration Number: NCT03095560).RESULTS: The S-IVTS group showed a greater improvement in visuo-constructive skills and sustained attention, as compared with the S-IVT group. The other measures showed nonsignificant within-group and between-group differences.CONCLUSION: Our results showed that body shadow may represent a high-priority class of stimuli that act by "pushing" attention toward the body itself. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of body shadow in promoting the internal representation construction and thus self-recognition.

AB - BACKGROUND: Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the presence of body shadows during virtual reality (VR) training with BTS NIRVANA (BTs-N) may lead to a better functional recovery.METHODS: We enrolled 20 poststroke rehabilitation inpatients, who underwent a neurocognitive-rehabilitative training consisting of 24 sessions (3 times a week for 8 weeks) of BTs-N. All the patients were randomized into 2 groups: semi-immersive virtual training with (S-IVTS group) or without (S-IVT group) body shadows. Each participant was evaluated before (T0) and immediately (T1) after the end of the training (Trial Registration Number: NCT03095560).RESULTS: The S-IVTS group showed a greater improvement in visuo-constructive skills and sustained attention, as compared with the S-IVT group. The other measures showed nonsignificant within-group and between-group differences.CONCLUSION: Our results showed that body shadow may represent a high-priority class of stimuli that act by "pushing" attention toward the body itself. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of body shadow in promoting the internal representation construction and thus self-recognition.

KW - Attention

KW - Cognition

KW - Computer Simulation

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Pilot Projects

KW - Stroke Rehabilitation

KW - Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1097/MD.0000000000008096

DO - 10.1097/MD.0000000000008096

M3 - Article

VL - 96

SP - e8096

JO - Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries

JF - Medicine; analytical reviews of general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, and pediatries

SN - 0025-7974

IS - 38

ER -