Does endometriosis influence the embryo quality and/or development? Insights from a large retrospective matched cohort study

Ana M. Sanchez, Luca Pagliardini, Greta C. Cermisoni, Laura Privitera, Sofia Makieva, Alessandra Alteri, Laura Corti, Elisa Rabellotti, Massimo Candiani, Paola Viganò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In vitro fertilization can be an effective tool to manage the endometriosis-associated infertility, which accounts for 10% of the strategy indications. Nevertheless, a negative effect of endometriosis on IVF outcomes has been suggested. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of endometriosis in the development of embryos at cleavege stage in assisted reproduction treatment cycles. A total of 429 cycles from women previously operated for moderate/severe endometriosis were compared with 851 cycles from non-affected women. Patients were matched by age, number of oocyte retrieved and study period. A total of 3818 embryos in cleavage stage have been analyzed retrospectively. Overall, no difference was found between women with and without endometriosis regarding the number of cleavage stage embryos obtained as well as the percentage of good/fair quality embryos. Excluding cycles in which no transfers were performed or where embryos were frozen in day three, no difference was observed for blastulation rate or the percentage of good/fair blastocysts obtained. Despite similar fertilization rate and number/quality of embryos, a reduction in ongoing pregnancy rate was observed in patients affected, possibly due to an altered endometrial receptivity or to the limited value of the conventional morphological evaluation of the embryo.

Original languageEnglish
Article number83
JournalDiagnostics
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Blastulation rate
  • Embryo quality
  • Endometriosis
  • Ongoing pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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