Does robot-assisted gait training ameliorate gait abnormalities in multiple sclerosis? A pilot randomized-control trial

S. Straudi, M. G. Benedetti, E. Venturini, M. Manca, C. Foti, N. Basaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Gait disorders are common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and lead to a progressive reduction of function and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Test the effects of robot-assisted gait rehabilitation in MS subjects through a pilot randomized-controlled study. METHODS: We enrolled MS subjects with Expanded Disability Status Scale scores within 4.5-6.5. The experimental group received 12 robot-assisted gait training sessions over 6 weeks. The control group received the same amount of conventional physiotherapy. Outcomes measures were both biomechanical assessment of gait, including kinematics and spatio-temporal parameters, and clinical test of walking endurance (six-minute walk test) and mobility (Up and Go Test). RESULTS: 16 subjects (n = 8 experimental group, n = 8 control group) were included in the final analysis. At baseline the two groups were similar in all variables, except for step length. Data showed walking endurance, as well as spatio-temporal gait parameters improvements after robot-assisted gait training. Pelvic antiversion and reduced hip extension during terminal stance ameliorated after aforementioned intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Robot-assisted gait training seems to be effective in increasing walking competency in MS subjects. Moreover, it could be helpful in restoring the kinematic of the hip and pelvis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-563
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroRehabilitation
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • gait analysis
  • multiple sclerosis
  • Rehabilitation
  • robot-driven gait orthosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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