Does Sawbone-Based Arthroscopy Module (SBAM) Can Help Elbow Surgeons?

Francesco Luceri, Paolo Arrigoni, Raul Barco, Davide Cucchi, Nishant Raj, Samuele Frassoni, Pietro Simone Randelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The use of elbow arthroscopy is becoming increasingly common in orthopaedic practice; nevertheless, it is still considered a difficult procedure with a long learning curve. The aim of the study is to evaluate the role of a new elbow Sawbone-Based Arthroscopy Module (e-SBAM) in the training of elbow surgeons. Methods: Fourteen surgeons were classified as “Expert” (n: 7; more than 10 years of experience in arthroscopic surgery) and “Not-expert” surgeons (n: 7; less than 10 years of experience). During a dedicated arthroscopic session, using the Sawbones Elbow model (Sawbones Europe AB®), all participants were asked to perform an arthroscopic round and to touch three specific landmarks. An independent observer measured the time that each participant needed to perform this task (Performance 1). The same measurement was repeated after two weeks of eSBAM training (Performance 2). Results: “Not-expert” surgeons needed significantly more time (41 s; range 26–120) than “Expert” ones (13 s; range 8–36) to complete Performance 1. One “Not-expert” surgeon did not complete Performance 1 and needed more than 120 s for Performance 2. The whole study group required a median of 5 s less to complete Performance 2. A tendency towards an improvement was observed in the group of the non-experienced surgeons as compared with the experienced ones. Conclusions: The simulation training can be advantageous in the learning curve of young elbow surgeons and helpful for experienced surgeons. E-SBAM can be used as an effective tool for the current stepwise arthroscopic elbow training programs with the aim of improving arthroscopic elbow skills. Level of Evidence: Basic Science Study.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIndian Journal of Orthopaedics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Arthroscopy
  • Dry model
  • Elbow
  • Sawbone-based arthroscopy module
  • Surgeon training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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